Locke V. Jefferson

By: Michael Dorn, Cole Solomon and Ray Gaither

Summary

Both of these men have the same general idea of giving the power to the people but each have their own ideas on what basic human rights are. Locke believes that people should born with these rights and the should never be taken away while Jefferson believes that everyone is born with the right to set on these dreams and try and make them a reality. This enabled one of the more important phrases in the declaration of independence "all men are created equal."

Comparison #1

“That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government . . .” (Declaration of Independence)


“When he who has the supreme executive power neglects and abandons that charge . . . the people are at liberty to provide for themselves, by erecting a new legislative, differing from the other, by the change of persons, or form, or both, as they shall find it most for their safety and good” (Locke).


In each of these quotes it is stated that the people have the right to protect themselves if the government fails to do so.

Comparison #2

“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal,” (Declaration of Independence).


“A state also of equality, wherein all the power and jurisdiction is reciprocal, no one having more than another; there being nothing more evident, than that creatures of the same species and rank, promiscuously born to all the same advantages of nature."(Locke)


Both are saying that all people should be created equal and no one person can be born of a greater rank than others.

Comparison #3

"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness." (Decleration of Independence).


"all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions . . ." (Locke).


In both of the sections it explains that these rights should be protected and be permeant.

Comparison #4

has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good” (Declaration of Independence).


“Thirdly, When, by the arbitrary power of the prince, the electors, or ways of election, are altered, without the consent, and contrary to the common interest of the people.” (Locke)


This reinforces power to the people and both are saying not one man should rule but should be represented by the people who vote for him.

Comparison #5

"Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within." (Declaration of Independence)


"There is one way more whereby such a government may be dissolved, and that is: When he who has the supreme executive power neglects and abandons that charge, so that the laws already made can no longer be put in execution;" (Locke)


Both of these state that people's personal belongings are all equal important and to be respected and not mistreated by others.