S.O.P and C.A.B
(Constitutional Principle) By: Brian, Haley, Nick, Scott
Separation of Powers
A way of dividing power among the three branches of government, in which members of the House of Representatives, members of the Senate, the President, and the federal courts are selected by and responsible to different constituencies.
WHY Are There Separate Branches of the Government?
There are three separate branches of the U.S. Government that watch over and limit each others' power, so that one branch cannot be all-powerful.
WHERE Did the Concept or Idea Come From?
Charles-Louis de Secondat, (baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu) was an 18th century French social and political philosopher. His publication, Spirit of the Laws, is considered one of the most greatest written documents in the history of political theory and jurisprudence, and it inspired the Constitution of the United States.
Separation of Powers in Our Constitution
The Constitution created the three branches of the U.S. Government. The first article of the Constitution created the Legislative, the second branch created the Executive, and the third article created the Judicial branch.
SIGNIFICANCE of Separation of Powers.
"The premise behind the Separation of Powers is that when a single person or group has a large amount of power, they can become dangerous to citizens. The Separation of Power is a method of removing the amount of power in any group's hands, making it more difficult to abuse."
Checks and Balances
The Founding Fathers wanted to make sure that the three different branches of government, the legislative, executive, and judicial, would be able to limit each other's powers. In this way they control certain powers as well as share other powers with them.
WHY are Checks and Balances a Part of Our Government?
Without the checks and balances and the separation of powers that our founding fathers added into the Constitution, our government might have collapsed! The president may have gotten too much power, or the lawmakers could be able to control all the rules and laws. Who knows what might have happened if the three branches weren't controlled and regulated?
WHERE Did the Concept of Checks and Balances Come From?
Checks and Balances are also the idea of the 18th century French political and social philosopher Montesquieu.
Checks and Balances in our Constitution
Checks and Balances are also laid out in the first three articles as well as the separate powers of the U.S. Government.
SIGNIFICANCE of Checks and Balances
"The system of checks and balances is an important part of the Constitution. With checks and balances, each of the three branches of government can limit the powers of the others. This way, no one branch becomes too powerful."