Disaster in Uttarakhand
Pamphlet about the flood in Uttarakhand
Causes of the Floods
Although the Kedarnath Temple itself was not damaged, its base was inundated with water, mud and boulders from the landslide, damaging its perimeter. Many hotels, rest houses and shops around the temple in Kedarnath township were destroyed, resulting in several casualties. The temple was flooded with water resulting in several deaths due to drowning and panic-driven stampede.The Temple reopened for pilgrims on Sunday, 4 May 2014.
Funding and Rescue
The Prime Minister of India undertook an aerial survey of the affected areas and announced 10 billion (US$170 million) aid package for disaster relief efforts in the state. several state governments announced financial assistance, with Uttar Pradesh pledging US$4.2 million, the governments of Haryana, Maharashtra and Delhi US$1.7 million each, the governments of Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Chattisgarh US$840,000 each. The US Ambassador to India extended a financial help of USD $150,000 through the USAID to the NGOs working in the area and announced that the US will provide further financial aid of USD $75,000.
Operation Rahat was the name given to the IAF's rescue operations to evacuate civilians affected by the floods. IAF claims it to be the biggest civilian rescue operation in the world carried out by any air force using helicopters. During the first phase of the operation From 17 June 2013, the IAF airlifted a total of 19,600 people - flying a total of 2,140 sorties and dropping/landing a total of 3,82,400 kg of relief material and equipment.
Operation Surya Hope is the name that Indian Army's central command gave to its response in Uttarakhand following the floods. It is Indian Army's largest ever humanitarian mission.