Biomolecule Poster

Protein

Monomers of Proteins are Amino Acids

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Polymers of Proteins are Polypeptides

Examples of Proteins include:

  • Meat
  • Fish
  • Poultry
  • Egg
  • Nuts
  • Cartilage


Functional Groups Always Found in Protein:

Carboxyls and Amine


Common Functions of Proteins are:

  • Repairs and Maintenance-body tissue,hair,skin,eyes, and muscles. why children need more protein than an adult because they are still growing.
  • Source of Energy- when you consume more than you need for body tissue maintenance, its stored as energy
  • Controlling Body Functions-used to make some hormones that regulate blood sugar and digestive system.
  • Enzymes-increase rate of chemical reactions in the body
  • Transportation and Storage of Molecules-major role in transporting oxygen and other molecules through the body
  • Antibodies-attach to out of place things in the blood stream and call other things to help fight it, too. they protect the immune system.


How the Structure Allows for its Function:

The function of a protein is directly dependent on the three-dimensional structure. Proteins spontaneously fold up into three-dimensional structures determined by amino acids. Proteins allow the transition from one-dimensional world to the three-dimensional world.