Sahel boasted some of Africas mos influential civilizations.Sahel attracted both arabs looking fro gold from Sudan and Europeans looking for slaves from West Africa.The tow influences merged with native ones creating culturally complex area.The Sahel is widely French-speaking,islamic and takes its name (shore) from Arabic.
One of the poorest and most environmentally damaged places on earth has deep troubles. In the 1970s, the Sahel captured international attention when drought and famine killed nearly 200,000 peopl. Though conditions have since improved it has yer to shake a vivious cycle of soil.
Parts of the region like Malis legedary Timbuktu are now moe Sahara than Sahel.Ethnic lines that divided many traditional occupations nerders and farmers have blurred often sparting bloodshed.Workers are now heading for the cities.