Ivorian Civil War

By Mariel Mancini, Andrew Nixon, and Emma Coltoff

Thesis Statement

The Second Ivorian Civil War has caused millions to be displaced in the Ivory Coast and hundreds of thousands to flee, has harmed the Ivory Coast’s economy, and has caused a series of severe human rights violations.
This elections marks the beginning of Laurent Gbagbo's seven year presidency (two years longer than the typical term.) Gbagbo defeated Guei.
After postponing the election for more than two years, Laurent Gbagbo finally allowed another presidential election in 2010. He ran against Alassane Ouattara and Henri Konan Bedie, who had been barred from running in the 2002 election. Gbagbo and Ouattara won the primary.
In the 2010 election, Gbagbo lost to Ouattara, but by a very small margin.
Angered by his loss in the 2010 election, Gbagbo had his supporters in the Ivorian Popular Front, who had pull in the Constitutional Council, annulled the votes for nine regions. With these annulled votes, Gbagbo won the election. Both he and Ouattara were sworn in, but Gbagbo was eventually ousted from the country.



The influx of Ivorian Civil War refugees into surrounding African countries is causing numerous problems for these countries. These countries have not been able to provide the support that these refugees need and in turn the refugees suffer.

Other Effects of War

  • 3,000 dead
  • 1 million displaced
  • World Bank Aid up to 841.9 million
  • Cocoa Production- The civil war combined with dry weather has caused a 71,000 metric shortage of cocoa beans from the Ivory Coast. As the supplier of over 30% of the world’s cocoa crop, this shortage will cause the price of cocoa beans to rise to the highest in 32 years.


  • Guiglo Massacre: On March 22, 2011, pro-Gbagbo militias, backed by Liberian mercenaries, killed 37 West African immigrants in the town of Guiglo, which is near the Ivorian-Liberian border.

  • Duekoue Massacre: On March 29, 2011, over 1,000 civilians in the town of Duekoue were massacred by rumored pro-Ouattara forces. The Human Rights Watch reported, “Human Rights Watch has also received credible reports of abuses committed when Ouattara's forces took control of several towns in western (Ivory Coast)… in an apparent case of collective punishment against alleged civilian supporters of Gbagbo.”

  • Blolequin Massacre: On April 7, 2011, pro-Ouattara forces killed hundreds of civilians, raped over 20 more civilians, and burned 10 villages in the Ivorian region of Blolequin.

Works Cited

"Behind the Crisis in Ivory Coast." Daily News and Opinion from the Left. N.p., 05 Oct. 2012. Web. 05 Oct. 2012. <http://socialistworker.org/2011/01/19/crisis-in-ivory-coast>.

CALLIMACHI, RUKMINI. "Ivory Coast Youth Leader Speaks from Hiding." Yahoo! News. Yahoo!, 07 July 2012. Web. 05 Oct. 2012. <http://news.yahoo.com/ivory-coast-youth-leader-speaks-hiding-145915513.html>.

Collier, Paul. "Ivory Coast: Could the Army Force Laurent Gbagbo from Power?" The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 09 Nov. 0042. Web. 05 Oct. 2012. <http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/poverty-matters/2011/jan/11/ivory-coast-elections-laurent-gbagbo-ousting>.

"Cote D'Ivore." Freedom House. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Jan. 2012. <http://www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2012/c%C3%B4te-divoire>.

"Five Key Reasons Ivory Coast's Election Led to Civil War." The Christian Science Monitor. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Oct. 2012. <http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Africa/2011/0406/Five-key-reasons-Ivory-Coast-s-election-led-to-civil-war/The-Ivoirite-campaign-and-the-Young-Patriots>.

"Ivory Coast Profile." BBC News. BBC, 08 Sept. 2012. Web. 05 Oct. 2012. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13287216>.

"Ivory Coast: Sympathy for the Devil." Ivory Coast: Sympathizers Defend Gbagbo. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2012. <http://pulitzercenter.org/reporting/ivory-coast-laurent-gbagbo-alassane-ouattara-civil-war-cocoa>.

"Ivory Coast: Violence Resumes." StrategyPage. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2012. <http://www.strategypage.com/qnd/ivory/articles/20120927.aspx>.

"This WWW Virtual Library: International Affairs Resources Is a Frequently Updated Internet Directory of over 2000 Annotated Links to High-quality English-language Sources of Information and Analysis in a Wide Range of International Affairs, International Relations, International Studies, Global Studies, and Global Education Topics. These Sites Are Carefully Selected for Their Long-term Value, Favoring Those with Cost-free, Authoritative Information and Analysis Online. Each Website Is Described Only in General Terms Because of the Typically Rapid Changes in Details of Its Contents and Features." WWW Virtual Library: International Affairs Resources-- Africa. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2012. <http://www2.etown.edu/vl/africa.html>.