Bipolar Disorder

Collin Dunson Health-2 March 4, 2016

Slogan

"When you are happy, you enjoy the music. But, when you are sad, you understand the lyrics."

Definition

Bipolar Disorder, also known as Manic depression, is a mental illness characterized by dramatic mood swings that range from extreme euphoria to deep depression.

Backround

There are three types of Bipolar Disorder

  • Bipolar 1- most common, severe mood swings mania for weeks, depression for 6 months to a year
  • Bipolar 2-long periods of depression, lesser form of mania
  • Bipolar 3-also called Cyclothymic Disorder, this form has only minor mood swings

Symptoms

Symptoms of manic and hypomanic episodes

  • Unusual talkativeness
  • Racing thoughts
  • Distractibility
  • Inflated self-esteem
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Symptoms

Symptoms of depression

  • sleeping excessively
  • significant weight loss
  • fatigue or loss of energy
What is bipolar disorder?

Causes

Bipolar Disorder is inherited from the person's parents. It is caused by chemical imbalances in the brains and body that are located in hormones and neurotransmitters. Examples of glands that produce these hormones are the Thyroid gland, which is at the base of your neck and helps produce energy. Too much thyroxin and the person becomes manic , not enough thyroxin and the person gets depression. Also adrenaline balances affect the person's mood too.
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Tendencies

Half of the patients begin seeing symptoms between the age of 15 to 25, but it can happen at any time. It also affects both genders equally.

Treatments

There is currently no cure, but there are many affective treatments. These include mood stabilizing drugs, psychotherapy, and other forms of counseling. These treatments allow people to better cope with the disorder and live their lives as normal as possible.
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Agencies

Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance

The International Society for Bipolar Disorder

National Alliance on Mental Illness