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Viewing Photography

Photography means creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation. To focus the reflected or emitted from objects into a real image, a lens is used on the light sensitive surface inside a camera. Photography basically is used for science, business, manufacturing, art, mass communication and any kinds of recreational purposes.

The word photography comes from Greek word φωτός(phōtos) and γραφή(graphé) meaning drawing with light. A French painter and inventor Hercules Florence first wrote the word "photographie" in his diary to describe his process in 1834. Sir John Herschel made the word Photography known to the world in 1839. In the first decades of the 19th century, Photography seemed to able capture more details and information than traditional mediums, such as painting and sculpting.

All photography was originally monochrome or black and white. Many photographers continue to produce some monochrome images because of the established archival permanence of well processed silver halide based materials. Some full color digital images are processed using a variety of techniques to create black and whites. Color photography was explored beginning in the 19th century. In 1861 the first permanent color photograph was taken. Sergei Mikhailavich Prokudin Gorski who was a Russian photographer made extensive use of this color separation technique. Auto chrome the first commercially successful color process was introduced by the Lumiere brothers in 1907. Photographs monochrome and color can be captured and displayed through two side by side images that emulate human stereoscopic vision.

Photography is used different types of way. Military, police and security forces use photography for surveillance, recognition and data storage. Amateurs use photography to capture special moments, to tell stories, to preserve memories, to send massages and as a sources of entertainments. Many scientists and artists become very interest about photography. Scientists have used photography to record study movements such as Eadweared Muybridge's study of human and animal locomotion in 1887. Artists are equally interested try to explore avenues the photo mechanical representation of reality such as pictorials movement.

Photography is another commercial point. According to a survey made by Kodak in 2007 when the majority of photography was already digital, about 75% professional photographer say they will continue to use film even through some embrace digital . The PMA say that in the year 2000 about a billion films were sold each year and by 2011 a mere 20 million rolls, plus 31 million single-use cameras. Advertisement photography, Fashion and glamour photography, crime scene photography, portrait and wedding photography, landscape photography, and wildlife photography are included as commercial photography.

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