by Megan, Elise, and Ella


Federalism divides the central and state governments.

Delegated powers belong to the central government.

Reserved powers belong to the states.

Concurrent powers are shared by the state and central governments.

Examples from the Constitution

Article I, Section 8, Clause 3

"The Congress shall have Power . . . To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian"

This gives the federal governement the power to regulate trade between states along with regulating and taxing foreign trade.

Article V

"The Congress . . . shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments."

Federal government and states share the power to amend the the constitution, other powers go to the states.

Tenth Amendment

"The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited to it by the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people."

Any powers not given to the federal government are given to the states and the people.

Federalist Papers

Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison

The Federalist Papers were a series of documents written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay. These papers summarized federalist ideas and Hamilton's ideas on how to form a "more perfect union". These papers included topics such as Federalism, checks and balances, separation of powers and representation. These papers had a large influence on the writing of the constitution and had a large influence on the creation of federalism.

Why was it added?

This principle was added to the constitution by the founding fathers after much disagreement from citizens because it is a very important principle to keep the federal government from becoming too powerful. Federalism splits powers between federal and state government, by doing this it keeps both equal and keeps both from becoming too powerful.

Real life example

The United States government