Module 6 Lesson 1 Mastery Assign.

US Marshals

Responsible today for protecting the Federal Judiciary and transporting federal prisoners and protecting federal witnessesand managing assets seized from criminals and generally ensuring the effective operation of the federaljudicial system

US Attorney

Represent the US federal government in District Courts and Court of Appeals. There are 93 in the US and US territories, with one assigned to each judicial district.

Magistrate Judge

Decide whether accused criminals should be held in jail or released on bail. Magistrate judges do much of the routine work in the District Courts. They also hear evidence a determine whether a case should go on trial.

Life Term

Federal Judges can serve life terms which means they can serve for however long they like but doesn't necessarily mean they have to serve forever.


Precedent is a model from older court cases used to determine opinions and decisions in new court cases. They help the idea of a "Living Constitution".


A remand is when an appellate court send a case back to the previous court for further action and investigation.


A circuit is the location of any US Court of Appeal.

Appellate Jurisdiction

Appellate Jurisdiction is the authority to hear the case appealed from a lower court.

Original Jurisdiction

Original Jurisdiction is the authority to hear a case for the first time.

District Courts

District Courts are the federal courts where trials are held and lawsuits are begun.

Court of Appeals

Appeal Courts review decisions made in lower courts and can decide whether it was fair or not.