American News

1920

Christianity vs. Science

The controversial battle over the religious incompatibility between Christianity and scientific beliefs continues. John Scopes' arrest for "teaching evolution in a public school" is believed to be a publicity stunt. William Jennings Bryan (pictured) and Clarence Darrow are assumed to have intentions of turning the issue into a battle between "Protestant fundamentalism and modern science.(www.americanscientist.org). Recently our nation's leading scientists wrote Pamphlets to refute this movement and "convince the public of the compatibility of science and Christianity." (www.americanscientist.org)

Crime

Al Capone- The most famous (or infamous) Chicago gangster. Capone was born to a poor Italian immigrant family in 1899. Capone became the protégé of Johnny Torrio, leader of the Five Points Gang. Torrio was bootlegger, and his gang made a fortune during Prohibition. After Torrio retired in 1925, Capone took over and became the major crime boss of Chicago, running gambling, prostitution, and bootlegging rackets and expanding his turf by the killing rivals. Experts say that Capone was worth $100 million in 1927. Capone’s most famous action is the St. Valentine's Day Massacre, where Capone hired shooters to gun down Bugs Moran’s rival gang.

John Dillinger. Not a gangster in the Capone/O’Banion sense, Dillinger a prolific bank robber with ties to Chicago. Dillinger got started with petty crimes, like stealing chickens. He tried his first robbery at 21; it did not go well – he was sentenced to 10 to 20 years in prison. After Dillinger was paroled in 1933, he was again jailed after a bank robbery, but was broken out of jail later that same year. Dillinger and his accomplices robbed banks, and they did it with style. They would use ruses and phony stories like they were bank alarm salesmen or film directors looking for locations for a bank robbery scene. Dillinger and his men roamed the Midwest, stealing more than $300,000 from dozens of banks. Dillinger’s main hideout was in Chicago, and reports say that only weeks before his death he attended Chicago Cubs games. After a set-up, Dillinger was killed by the FBI at the Biograph Theater in Chicago in July of 1934.


http://www.conciergepreferred.com/chicago-guide/4339-top-5-gangsters-of-chicago.html

Progressive Education

The current controversy in schools nationwide is over progressive education and Mr. John Dewey. Dewey is a rising power in the realm of public education, not long ago he was a normal school teacher (http://schugurensky.faculty.asu.edu), interested in the psychology of teaching-learning styles used around the world. Dewey inspired many people to ponder how teaching styles can influence children today, as well as the future of the world. (www.biography.com)


Financial

There was an economic recession in 1921 but it was allowed to run its course without political interference and as a result it was over in 18 months. As the economy picked up, easy credit and speculation created stock market and property bubbles that had devastating effects when they eventually ended.

People living in the cities and areas of industry benefited most from the increased prosperity although there were argument to the contrary. Those living in rural areas did not benefit to the same extent, and this was made worse by widespread drought. This encouraged population movement from rural areas to cities, a trend which has continued down to the present day. In 1926 alone the Department of Agriculture calculated that the nett migration in favor of the cities was over one million people.


Shoppers were able to buy big ticket consumer items like cars, fridges, washing machines, pianos, vacuum cleaners, furniture, and radios on time payment. Previously, these expensive items were only affordable by the wealthy. About half of all instrumental debt was for automobiles. It was estimated that 75 per cent. of all automobiles, 85 or 90 per cent. of all furniture, 80 per cent. of all phonographs, 75 per cent. of washing-machines, 65 per cent. of vacuum cleaners, 25 per cent. of all jewelry, and the greater part of all pianos, sewing-machines, radios, and electric refrigerators, were sold by partial payment. About $140,000,000 worth of clothing was also sold per annul on this plan

http://www.1920-30.com/business/

Social/Human Interests

Women gained the right to vote in the 1920's that helped assert their independence. Fashions were less constricting. Women evolved from wearing tight corsets that caused most to pass out, to wearing flappers and comfortable work suits. Straight dresses were worn with bust flattening brassieres, the waist completely disappeared, and belts were worn around the hip (http://www.uvm.edu/).

New technologies rose in this time in which people were interested in buying, such as automobiles, which provided a great way for people to travel as well as socialize, and radios, toasters, electricity, along with plumbing that had made life easier for Americans (http://www.angelfire.com/co/pscst/tech.html).

Government/Politics

The Palmer raids, the Red Scare, a drive to rid the country of "reds," (communists) began under the auspices of the U.S. Dept. of Justice. On January 3, the New York Times reports that 650 are arrested. (http://www.1920-30.com/politics/)

Also during the 20's three Republicans occupied the White House: Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge, and Herbert Hoover. Harding was inept, Coolidge was mediocre, and Hoover was overcome by circumstances he neither understood nor could control.(http://www.cliffsnotes.com/more-subjects/history/us-history-ii/america-in-the-twenties/politics-in-the-1920s)

1920's - What The Future Will Look Like

Written By:

Madi Damazio, Skye St. Rose, Kasandra Soto

The League of Nations holds first session

The League of Nations recently held their first session. This league was created in hopes to prevent future war and provide a place for open compromise. The photo above (www.skepticism.org) shows the first session of the League of Nations. Americans hope that the League of Nations will be a revolutionary peacekeeper far into the future.