Influential Religions

The Religions That Have Changed the World!

Christanity

· Christians believe that Jesus was the Messiah promised in the Old Testament.

· Christians believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.

· Christians believe that God sent his Son to earth to save humanity from the consequences of its sins.

· One of the most important concepts in Christianity is that of Jesus giving his life on the Cross (the Crucifixion) and rising from the dead on the third day (the Resurrection).

· Christians believe that there is only one God, but that there are three elements to this one god:

· God the Father

· God the Son

· The Holy Spirit

· Christians worship in churches.

· Their spiritual leaders are called priests or ministers.

· The Christian holy book is the Bible, and consists of the Old and New Testaments.

· Christian holy days such as Easterand Christmas are important milestones in the Western secular calendar

Islam

The word Islam means 'submission to the will of god'.

Islam is the second largest religion in the world with over 1 billion followers. The 2001 census recorded 1,591,000 Muslims in the UK, around 2.7% of the population.

· Muslims believe that Islam was revealedover 1400 years ago in Mecca, Arabia.

· Followers of Islam are called Muslims.

· Muslims believe that there is only one god.

· The Arabic word for god is allah.

· According to Muslims, god sent a number of prophets to mankind to teach them how to live according to His law.

· Jesus, Moses and Abraham are respected as prophets of god.

· They believe that the final Prophet was Muhammad.

· Muslims believe that Islam has always existed, but for practical purposes, date their religion from the time of the migration of Muhammad.

· Muslims base their laws on their holy book the Qur'an, and the Sunnah.

· Muslims believe the Sunnah is the practical example of Prophet Muhammad and that there are five basic Pillars of Islam.

· These pillars are the declaration of faith, praying five times a day, giving money to charity, fasting and a pilgrimage to Mecca (at least once).

Judaism

Judaism is the original of the three Abrahamic faiths, which also includes Christianity and Islam. According to information published by The Jewish People Policy Planning Institute, there were around 13.1 million Jewish people in the world in 2007, most residing in the USA and Israel.

· Judaism originated in the Middle East over 3500 years ago

· Judaism was founded by Moses, although Jews trace their history back to Abraham.

· Jews believe that there is only one God with whom they have a covenant.

· In exchange for all the good that God has done for the Jewish people, Jewish people keep God’s laws and try to bring holiness into every aspect of their lives.

· Judaism has a rich history of religious text, but the central and most important religious document is the Torah.

· Jewish traditional or oral law, the interpretation of the laws of the Torah, is called halakhah.

· Spiritual leaders are called Rabbis.

· Jews worship in Synagogues.

· 6 million Jews were murdered in the Holocaust in an attempt to wipe out Judaism.

Similarities between Judaism and Islam

Similarities Between Judaism and Christianity

Similarities between Christianity and Islam

Similarities for all 3