Canada in 2060




This Smore sheds some light on the demography of Canada, its First Nations and its immigration trends. These elements will be discussed from two angles: the current perspective of the year 2015, and a projection of what Canada shall be like in the year 2060.

Immigration Trends


  • Canada's population has grown rapidly in the past decades because it has welcomed a lot of immigrants from different parts of the world,especially China, India, and the Philippines.

  • There has been a drastic increase in the rate of immigration in the past years, and because the Canadian government has kept the door wide open for new comers, the total number of immigration in 2014 has reached over 33 million.

  • Canada's trend to welcome immigrants is still ongoing, and hundreds of thousands are landing here for three major reasons:

* the presence of the immigrants helps to improve the country's economy,

* some of them unite with family members already residing in Canada, and

* some enter as refugees.

  • By the end of 2015, between 260,000-285,000 immigrants are expected to arrive to Canada as permanent residents.



Recent statistics reveal that Canada's population in 2015 has topped the 35 million because of the increase in the number of immigrants, the birth rate, and the life expectancy.

In the past years, Canada's birth rate has increased noticeably and has reached up to 10.29 births/ 1,000 population. Similarly, the death rate has also reached up to 8.31 deaths/ 1000 population.

  • Density:

The majority of Canada's population is concentrated in its four largest provinces by area (Quebec, Ontario, British Columbia, and Alberta), especially in the cities of Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver.

  • Ethnicity:

Canada is a country that is highly diverse ethnically. Its communities hold people from different origins, mainly:

Whites, Asians, Aboriginals, Blacks, Latin Americans, Multiracial, and others.

  • A wide range of languages are used by the Canadians, with English and French being the mother tongue of approximately 60% and 20% of Canadians respectively. In 2011, nearly 6.8 million Canadians listed a non-official language as their mother tongue. These languages include Chinese , Punjabi, Spanish, German, and Italian.

    • Religion:

    Canada is religiously diverse with a wide range of beliefs and customs. Canada has no official religion, and support for Freedom of religion in Canada is an important part of this county's culture.

    The First Nations

    • The First Nations are the various Aboriginal peoples in Canada who are neither Inuit nor Metis. Their population in Canada has been slowly growing over the years with a total of more than 850,000, mainly in the provinces of Ontario and British Columbia.

    • Under the Canadian law, the First Nations are a "designated group", but not defined as a visible minority.

    • In past years, the First Nations never had enough rights over their own land, or the right to practice their own customs and traditions, which has resulted in creating the Indian Act in 1876 to provide them with some protection; nevertheless the First Nations still face some obstacles relating to self-governing, employment, health, and violence in their communities.


    Finally, the First Nations' voices are heard! This video shows that working closely with the First Nations and involving them in the dialogues over resources development is essential to strengthen their position with the Canadian government.
    Supreme Court of Canada Makes Historical Ruling on First Nations Land Claims


    Immigration Trend

    I PREDICT that......

    • In terms of numbers, immigration increase will continue by 2060 at the same rate as previous years, or even more, and will add to the growth of the Canadian population. As a result, Canada's population will most probably double in the future and reach around 60 million or even more.

    • Other than China, India, and the Philippines, immigrants to Canada are expected to arrive from other different parts of the world as more wars and more economic collapses are predicted to take place, especially in the Middle East and Africa.

    • The number of immigrants expected to land in Canada would reach around 400,000 per year.

    Growth of the Canadian Population Projected According to the Natural Increase and Immigration

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    • The Canadian population has grown noticeably in recent years, going from 30 million in 2000 to 35 million in 2015, and would reach around 60 million by the year 2060.

    • This growth will be the result of the stronger immigration, the higher fertility, and the higher life expectancy.

    • Population density is expected to remain almost the same with high concentration of people in the provinces of Ontario, British Columbia, and Alberta, but less are predicted to live in Newfoundland since the fertility rate there is expected to decrease.

    • Because of the strong immigration factor, Canada would continue to be a country of a huge blend ethnically, religiously and linguistically.

    First Nations


    By the year 2060, the First Nation communities in Canada would work hard on plans to improve the quality of life for their people and communities. This is expected to reflect on different aspects of life. For example,

    • An increase in the fertility rate as well as the life expectancy.

    • First Nation children are going to receive more funding for child care services from the government as any other Canadian child.

    • More First Nation youths are predicted to hold highly respectable political positions in the government.

    • More respect and opportunities shall be provided to Aboriginal women in Canada.

    This effort will strengthen the First Nations and governments and enable them to make the decisions that impact their future. It will ensure fair and equal education for their kids, build their economies with more rights given on their lands, and create safer environment to grow in.

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    geography by user395716405


    Established in 1867, Canada is one of the most developed and the wealthiest in the world. Evidence is everywhere to prove its high rank internationally in providing the best as far as diversity, education, health care, freedom, and civil liberties are concerned. I can strongly visualize Canada's future holding more and more to everyone who chooses it as their home.