Battles of World War II

Alyssa Gonzales

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The Bataan Death March

The Bataan Death March was march enforced by the Imperial Japanese Army that forced the already sick, wounded, and hungry American and Filipino troops to walk from Saisaih Pt. to Camp O'Donnell. This devastating march resulted in a number of deaths, between six and eleven thousand.
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Pacific Strategy

In this Pacific strategy, General MacArthur and Admiral Nimitz planned to capture islands one by one in the pacific until reaching Japan until advancing towards Japan and create a detour for the isolating centers of resistance. This resulted in Nimitz and MacArthur creating the "Two-Prong Attack" strategy, in which MacArthur would push towards the northwest, aiming at the Philippians and Nimitz would island hop through Marianas, Gilbert, Marshall, and Caroline Islands.
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Battle of Midway

This battle was the turning point in the war. The United States and Japan engaged in a battle that would result in the end of Japanese expansion.
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The Battle of Iwo Jima

With the need for a base i the Japanese coast, U.S. marine divisions landed on the island of Iwo Jima. Though the conditions for the American marines proved to be difficult, the United States managed to be victorious.
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The Battle of Okinawa

Known as the biggest battle of the Pacific Islands, was fought in the Ryukyu Islands. Okinawa included a total of about 417,000 troops from both the U.S. and Japanese side fighting for important air bases that projected the invasion of Japan. Japan went full force during this battle by using special kamikaze attacks, making use of their biggest battle ship (The Yamato), and went on suicide missions using planes. However the Japanese surrendered after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
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The Flying Tigers

The Flying Tigers were a group of pilots from the U.S. Navy, Marine Crops, and Army Air Corps. Recruited under the president's authority, the Flying Tigers were trained to go into World War II in order to defend China against the Japanese forces.
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"Closing The Ring."

Closing on Hitler from three sides was a strategy implemented by Winston Churchill and FDR. The plan involved putting a supplies blockade in Berlin as well as begin bombing munition centers and cities in Germany. The American Army would attack the Germans by slowly advancing.
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The Invasion of of Normandy (D-Day)

D-Day took place on the coast of France's Normandy region. General Dwight Eisenhower was appointed the leader of "Operation Overlord", the codename for the battle, with the help of Chief of Staff, George Marshall. Many tactics were used to persuade the Germans into the thinking the target for the battle would be Pas-De-Calais. On June 6, 1944, the allied troops began to secure the bridges and exit roads behind enemy lines. The allied troops managed to successfully storm the beaches and continued to fight across the Normandy countryside. The German troops were removed from northwest France and the Allies managed to reach the Seine River in Paris by August 1944. American military leader, Omar Bradley was commander of the First Army and played a large part in the success of Normandy.

The Battle of the Bulge

This battle was fought with desperation from the Americans to stop the Germans from advancing. The blitzkrieg rushing by Hitler in order "thrust" from the Ardennes to Antwerp. Though the Americans were caught off guard, General George Patton managed to successfully maneuver the third army. This led to the neutralization of the German counterattack.
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The Navajo Code Talkers

Te INdian Code Talking program was expanded by the army in 194 when used as a tactic. These code talkers were recruited by the United States marines during the war to help with the communication in the Pacific Theater.
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Tuskegee Airmen

As the first servicemen to serve as aviators for the U.S. Army , the military men faced much discrimination. However, the airmen achieved much success and contributed much towards the integration of the United States Armed Forces.
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Fall of Berlin

The Battle of Berlin brought WWII to an end. The Red Army fought heavily against the Germans until they encircled and made their way into the center. The battle continued for a short period of time, but the Soviets eventually achieved victory.
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