Grade 5 Basketball

Knowdledge and Skills you must have!

Knowledge of the Game

About Basketball.......

Basketball is one of the most popular sports in the world and one of the most widely viewed. It is a team sport that involves two teams of five active players each trying to score points against one another by throwing a ball through a 300cm (10 foot) high hoop (the ‘basket’) under organised rules. It is played on both indoor and outdoor courts. The size of the court, height of the basket, size of the basketball, and length of time that the game is played, all vary according to the age, size and skill level of players. Basketball is a fast moving game that involves a lot of variety, including shooting, dribbling, passing, rebounding, defence and much more.

Basketball Skills

Chest Pass

The chest pass is named so because the pass originates from the chest. It is thrown by gripping the ball on the sides with the thumbs directly behind the ball. When the pass is thrown, the fingers are rotated behind the ball and the thumbs are turned down. The resulting follow through has the back of the hands facing one another with the thumbs straight down. The ball should have a nice backspin.

When throwing a chest pass, the players should strive to throw it to the receiver's chest level. Passes that go low to high or high to low are difficult to catch.

Bounce Pass

The bounce pass is thrown with the same motion however it is aimed at the floor. It should be thrown far enough out that the ball bounces waist high to the receiver. Some say try to throw it 3/4 of the way to the receiver, and that may be a good reference point to start, but each player has to experiment how far to throw it so it bounces to the receiver properly. Putting a proper and consistent backspin on the pass will make the distance easier to judge.


The dribble is an act by which a player repetitively bounces the ball off the floor. Dribbling can be in place as well as while moving.

  • Dribbling starts with proper hand and arm motion, as well as body position
  • Push the ball downwards with fingers spread, using specifically fingertips, not palms
  • Dribble with your head up and continuously look around to pass effectively to a teammate
  • The feet should be well spaced, one foot slightly in advance of the other, knees slightly bent and the trunk also bent forward at the waist


BEEF is an acronym for a ball shooting concept in basketball.

The B stand for balance, the E for eyes, the second E for elbows, and the F for follow-through. To have good balance it is important to have you feet about shoulder width apart. Your eyes should always be focused on a target, and your elbows should be in line. Finally follow through means it should be done through the fingertips and elbows.

Below are examples of the correct stance:

  • Feet and Head locked into shot
  • Ten toes pointing at the rim
  • Right foot slightly forward
  • Knees flexed and shoulder width or more apart
  • Slight bend at hip
  • Head over feet
  • Back straight

Lay Up

When completing a lay-up dribble toward the basket and move slightly to one side of the hoop to create the correct angle. If you're on the right side, dribble right-handed, pick the ball up on your right foot (half step) as you progress to the basket and

then step with your left foot (inside foot) and explode toward the basket shooting with your right hand. As you raise your right hand, your right knee should also elevate and lift toward the basket. Pretend there is a string attached to your right hand and

your right knee. Reverse this form if shooting from the left side. It is best to go directly toward the basket, with your head up and eyes focused on the backboard. Utilise the top corner of the backboard to ensure you make your shot.

  • Right Hand Lay Up - Shoot the ball off the left foot, right knee up. Jump off the inside foot
  • Left Hand Lay Up Shoot the ball off the right foot, left knee up. Jump off the inside foot
  • Position of Ball Keep it under your chin and shoot over hand until you perfect your technique
  • Hands Two hands on the ball to the height of jump. Non-shooting arm to protect shot