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Enlightenment

What is Enlightenment ?

Enlightenment was a period of time that new ideas and innovations emerged. This mainly focused on thoughts about government including the individual and society.

How did it begin?

On the surface, the most apparent cause of the Enlightenment was the Thirty Years’ War. This horribly destructive war, which lasted from 1618 to 1648, compelled German writers to pen harsh criticisms regarding the ideas of nationalism and warfare.

What were the major ideas of the Enlightenment?

· Every social, political and economic problem could be solved through the use of reason.

· Governments are created to secure an orderly society

· Separation of powers is the best way to protect human liberties

· All men are created “free and equal”

A free market should be allowed to regulate trade.

How did the Enlightenment impact the economy?

The Enlightenment is the name given to the intellectual movement that was centered in the Western World, mainly Europe, during the 18th century. The rise of modern science greatly influenced the enlightenment.

How did the Enlightenment impact Society?

· Detested the slave trade and slavery

· Deplored religious prejudice

· Defended freedom of speech

· Attacked divine right theory

· Urged education for all

· Hated unequal distribution of property

Believed governments should be freely elected.
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