Government, History, People, oh my!

Italy, Germany and The Czech Republic

Elena Thuesen

European Countries have differing languages, religions, climate, and government, but all have strong culture! Breath taking ocean views and beautiful old (and new) buildings draw in many tourists and vacationers from all over the world. Even though our cultures may differ, studying other countries brings to light how we all share similar values and the same emotions. It's fascinating how even smaller countries can have immense culture that has a worldwide impact.



Italy is limited republic, and their President of the Council of Ministers is Enrico Letta. Italy is part of the European Union. An issue currently confronting Italy is drug smuggling from Latin America and Southwest Asia.

Historical Event

In the 1920's, Benito Mussolini converted Italy's government into a fascist dictatorship, and later joined Germany in World War II, resulting in Italy's defeat.

Historical Monument

The Roman Colloseum was sometimes used for performances

Person Who changed history: King Victor Emmanuel

Emmanuel united Italy as a nation-state.

Population 'n' stuff

Population- 61,482,297

% of arable land- 22.57

agriculture- fruits, vegetables, potatoes, grapes,

sugar beets, soybeans, grain, olives, beef, dairy products, fish

Human Environment Interaction- In Venice, canals of water run throughout the city in place of roads.


GDP per capital: $29,800

Currency: Euros

Exchange rate to US dollars: 0.7752

Major economic activities: tourism and machinary

Famous Brands: Ferrari, Gucci, Prada


Language: Italian, German, French

Religion- Christian, Muslim, Aetheist, Agnostics

Landmarks- Venice canals, leaning tower of piza, Roman Colloseum

Cultural Foods- pizza, spaghetti, Ravioli, wine, gelatto

Music/ literature- Opera, "The Name of the Rose" by Umberto Eco


Location- Southern Europe, Northeast of Tunisia

Climate- predominanty Mediterranean

Topography- mostly rugged and mountainous; some plains, coastal lowlands



Federal Republic

Leader/ Leader's title: Chancellor Angela Merkel


European union member: yes

Current event: Refugees and illicit drugs


Historical event: Loss of World War II

Person who changed history: Ludwig Van Beethoven (deaf composer) a predominant mucsic figure

Historic Monument: Eschenheim tower

Population 'n' stuff

population: 81,147,265

% of arable land:33.25%

agriculture: Potatoes, wheat, barley, sugar beets

Example of Human Environment Interaction: polution in the Baltic Sea

GDP: $3.383 trillion

GDP per capital:$38,700

Currency: Euros

Exchange rate to US dollars: 0.7752

Major Economic Activities: Machinery, vehicles

Famous Brands: Mercedes-Benz, BMW, Audi, Porsche


Language: German

Religions: Protestant, Roman Catholic

Famous landmarks: Heidelberg Castle

Cultural foods: Apfelstrudel, Eintopf

music/ literature: Deutschrock, rap/ "Siddhartha" by Hermann Hesse, "The Trial" by Franz Kafka


Location: Central Europe, borders the Baltic and North Seas

Climate: temperate and Marine

Topography: Lowlands in the North, Uplands in the South

Czech Republic


Government type: limited Parliamentary Democracy

Leader and title: Prime Minister Jiri Rusnok

European Union member

Current Goverment event: Illicit drugs


Historical political event: Czechs and Slovaks came together and formed Czechoslovakia after WWI had finished.

Historical Monument: The Municipal House

Person who changed history and how: Rudolph II sponsor of science and arts

Population 'n' Stuff

Population: 10,609,762

% of arable land: 40.12%

Agriculture: wheat, potatoes, sugar beets, hops

Example of human Environment Interaction: farming

GDP: $139 billion

GDP per capital: $27,000

Currency: koruny

Exchange Rate to U.S. dollars: 19.578

Major economic activities: motor vehicles, metallurgy, machinery

Famous Brands: Pils beer


language: Czech, Slovak

Religion: Roman Catholic, unspecified

Famous Land Marks: The Charles Bridge

Cultural foods: meat, mushrooms, vegetables, soups, dessert

Music/ Literature: Josef Hadyn symphony 82/ "This side of reality


Location: between Germany and Poland

Climate: temprate

Topography: rolling plains, hills, plateaus