World History

Addison and Cailey

Picasso's "Guernica" & Salvador Dali's "The Presistence of Memory"

"Guernica," is one of Picasso's most famous works. Guernica is painted as an immediate reaction to the Nazi's casual bombing practice on the Basque town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. Guernica shows the tragedies of war and the suffering it inflicts upon individuals. Most victims were innocent civilians. This work has become an anti-war symbol and a symbol of peace. By not using color, it intensifies the drama of the painting. "The Persistence of Memory," is based on the cliffs in Salvador Dali's home region of Catalonia, Spain.

Hitler and Stalin


  1. Both forced labor camps

  2. Inmates in both camps had to work 12-14 hours a day

  3. Both were massive camps

  4. Millions suffered from both camps, many guilt of no crime.

  5. Women were suffering badly in both camps.

Hitler killed six million people in the holocaust, including in the concentration camps

Stalin killed between 13 to 15 million people.


A way of organizing a society in which a government ruled by a dictator controls the lives of people and in which people are not allowed to disagree with the government

Benito Mussolini of Italy

  • Created the Fascist Party in Italy in 1919, making himself dictator prior to World War II.
  • He was briefly imprisoned
  • He organized a para-military unit known as the "Black Shirts"
  • By 1922, Italy slipped into political chaos, and Mussolini declared that he could restore order and was given authority.

Adolf Hitler of Germany

  • Leader of the National Socialist German Workers' Party, or the Nazi Party
  • The group promoted German pride and anti-Semitism.

Hirohito of Japan


Totalitarianism is a political system where the state recognizes no limits to its authority and strives to regulate every aspect of public and private life wherever feasible.

Authoritarian government is favoring or enforcing strict obedience to authority, especially that of the government, at the expense of personal freedom