JOHN F. KENNEDY
The Cold War
His policy was a "Flexible Response" it was the defense Secretary's strategy to have options and could be ready to respond to the opposition
- In 1961, JFK increased the number of military advisers (Troops) in South Vietnam in order to help protect Diem from the communists long enough to allow him to enact basic social reforms.
- JFK wanted to continue Eisenhower's policy of minimal deployment of troops
- After WWII Germany was split in two US controlled west USSR controlled East
- Soviets wanted Americans to leave but they wouldn't
- So in response the Soviets built a wall in Berlin separating the East and West called the Berlin Wall
- The Ultimate goal of the wall was to prevent western ideals spreading into the east half
Cuba and The Missile Crisis
- A US spy plane photographed nuclear missile launch sites being built in Cuba by the USSR, lead to the Cuban Missile Crisis
- Kennedy responded with a Naval blockade, this made the Soviets back down
- Kennedy gained the black vote by promising to pass civil rights legislation.
- In shock of the brutal events surrounding MLK's campaign in Birmingham, delivered a speech via T.V. and radio to the nation on June 11, 1963 in which he dedicated himself to finding a solution to the racial problems.
- In August of 1963, Martin Luther King, Jr. led 200,000 black and white demonstrators on a peaceful "March on Washington" in support of the proposed new civil rights legislation.