Protein

Benjamin Goff and Anusha Jacob 7th

Monomer: Amino Acid

Amino acids, made up of functional groups called amines and a carboxyls, in polymers bond together to make up the protein. Amino acids are joined by covalent bonds to become polypeptide.


Polymer: Polypeptides

Polypeptides are chains of the monomer amino acid. The protein is made up of one or more polypeptides.


Examples of Proteins

  • Collagen
  • Elastin
  • Keratin
  • Hemoglobin
  • Glucose transporter


Common Functions of Protein

Proteins are known as the building blocks of the body. Protein maintains and repairs body tissue. Protein is also a major source of energy. It is also involved in the creation of specific hormones, such as secretin and insulin. Enzymes are proteins that make rate of chemical reactions increase. A type of protein called hemoglobin transports oxygen throughout the body. It also helps fight diseases, illnesses, and infections.


How does protein's structure allow for its function?

Proteins are specifically designed to make chemical reactions. Proteins ability to bind to other molecules makes it able to active processes in the body. Protein is structured as a 3D string or strand made up of its polymers, polypeptides, which is made up of monomers known as amino acids. It's structure allows it to be joined together by covalent bonds.