The Impact of the Telephone

Deeksha Deepak and Muriel Siegmund

The Telephone

The term telephone was first used to describe any apparatus for conveying sound to a distant point. The word was applied as early as 1796 to a megaphone, and not long afterward to a speaking tube. Alexander Graham Bell was granted a patent in March 1876 for a device that transmitted voice electronically. Commercialization began early in 1877. Within a very short time, telephone was a sophisticated system, capable of connecting moderately large number of users over relatively short distances. Expansion of its uses should have been so rapid, a testimony to the energy of the system’s promoters as it is to its mechanical and electrical completeness.


The political and economic impact of the telephone

The essence of the telephone is immediacy. The economy wealth increased incredibly especially in 1877 with the Bell Telephone Company. The telephone also increased jobs and of course communication to many parts of the world. A major economical impact of the telephone was that it developed a new market for women as telephone operators. It made business more efficient and it saved money from having to travel back and forth from distant places, and it made transactions able to occur more quickly.


The Cultural Impact of the Telephone

The telephone led to instant communications around the world and even led to the Internet. Telephones are a huge part of today's culture. As telephones became more and more advanced they also became more and more popular. Nowadays it is the most common way of communication. Our modern day telephone system has made our communication system more unified and almost in real time. Telephone has bridged the gap of long distance communication. The telephone brings people from around the world together leading to unity. It allows people from different areas to share their culture with others therefore binding everyone as one. It allows people to be more social.


The long term impact of the telephone

The telephone has so far been one of the most important innovations during our times. The telephone has changed society since its invention. However, it has definitely come a long way since the beginning. Now, we have cellphones, cordless phones and pay phones. If we did not have telephones today, then communication that was quick and reliable would be difficult over long distances. Businesses would be affected by a lack of quick communication, too. National disasters would also not get quick aid. Therefore, the telephone has played a very essential role in our lives.


Who was involved?

Alexander Graham Bell was the main person involved with the invention of the telephone. Throughout his life, Bell had been interested in the education of deaf people. This interest lead him to invent the microphone and, in 1876, his "electrical speech machine," which we now call a telephone.


What happened?

Two inventors Elisha Grey and Alexander Graham Bell both independently designed devices that could transmit speech electrically. The telegraph and telephone are both wire-based electrical systems, and Alexander Graham Bell's success with the telephone came as a direct result of his attempts to improve the telegraph. Bell's extensive knowledge of the nature of sound and his understanding of music enabled him to conjecture the possibility of transmitting multiple messages over the same wire at the same time.


When and where did it take place?

Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone at his summer home in Brantford, Ontario in the summer of 1876, and then later physically created his first telephone in Boston, Massachusetts.


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Why was it significant?

The telephone is very important because of several reasons such as providing a fast communication mode for both private and business use. it has also reduced the distances between people as you can just communicate with someone who is not near your locality. Telephone is also a cheap mode of communication and has increased the socialization and interaction among the people and has played a major role in making this world a global village. Without the telephone, life would have been nearly impossible.


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