Social Studies Project
- Through a trade / gambling Sacagawea became property of the French - Canadian fur trader Toussaint Charbonneau, Sacagawea became one of his wives and was soon pregnant.
- Lewis and Clark named some of the Missouri river Sacagawea because a boat tipped over and she got all of the important things (Books, paper, maps, medicine, navigational instruments etc.) all while holding her baby.
- Three years later, in fall 1809, Sacagawea, Charbonneau and Baptiste ventured to St. Louis, where Charbonneau was taking the kind-hearted Clark up on an offer: Clark would provide the Charbonneau family with land to farm if the parents would agree to let Clark educate Baptiste
- Sacagawea gave birth to a daughter and later became ill and died at age 25 in December.
- President Thomas Jefferson made him the governor of Louisiana Territory, but Lewis soon discovered that the politics and power struggles of the territory were earning him more enemies than friends.
- Three years after the journey through Louisiana territory Lewis had failed to complete the work necessary to publish the scientific and geographical information he and Clark found in their journals
- People think that Lewis committed suicide because of the deep depression and the heavy weight of worries
- Based largely on Mrs. Grinder’s story, most historians have argued that Lewis tried to kill himself with two pistol shots, and when death did not come quickly enough, tried to finish the job with his razor
- Clark was Lewis served in the military in 1795 at the age of 19. He was excellent with maps, soldier, and outdoor man.
- The expedition made it to the present-day Oregon coast in November 1805. They built a fort they named Fort Clatsop and waited out the winter there. In March, the expedition prepared to make the journey back to St. Louis. In early July, Lewis and Clark decided to divide into two groups to see more of the area. Clark took a group with him to explore the Yellowstone River.
- He was described as superhuman, military genius, and a Indian Napoleon
- In 1877, General Howard of the U.S. Army warned that if the Wallowa and other bands of the Nez Perce did not abandon their land and move to the Lapwai Reservation within 30 days, his troops would attack. (they didn't)
- A band of 20 young brave soldiers decided to take revenge on some of the more offensive white settlers in the region, sparking the Nez Perce War of 1877
- Jefferson made Lewis another offer – to lead an expedition into the lands west of the Mississippi. Already eager to know more about these lands, Jefferson’s interest in the area increased with purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803.
- He was the legislature for Virginia, then served as a U.S. minister to France and a U.S. secretary, and a vice president under John Adams.
- After leaving office he retired to his Virginia Plantation, Monticello, and helped find the University of Virginia.
- On April 30, 1803, U.S. representatives in Paris agreed to pay $15 million for about 828,000 square miles of land that stretched from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains and from the Gulf of Mexico to Canada. This deal, known as the Louisiana Purchase
- The United States nearly went to war over Louisiana
- In 1801, Spain signed a secret treaty with France to return Louisiana territory to France
- The Louisiana purchase doubled the United States, it was most of modern-day United States between the Mississippi and the Rocky Mountains, with the exceptions of Texas, parts of New Mexico and other parts of the land already controlled by the United States
- A purchase was 828,000,000 square miles of territory from France
- The Louisiana purchase was from northeast New Orleans to the Great Lakes and northwest to modern-day Montana.
- Livingston was ordered to negotiate with French minister Charles Maurice de Talleyrand (1754-1838) for the purchase of New Orleans
- The Shoshone chief Pocatello signs The Treaty of Box Elder, bringing peace to the emigrant trails of southern Idaho and northern Utah.
- Pocatello was a Bannock Shoshone, one of the 2 major Shoshone tribes that dominated modern-day southern Idaho. Once a large and very powerful people, the Shoshone lost thousands to a smallpox epidemic in 1781. The fierce Blackfoot Indians took further advantage of the badly weakened Shoshone to push them off the plains and into the mountains