Freud and Ego Defense Mechanisms
The three parts of the mind
Primitive instincts. Consists of biological parts of the personality. Includes the sex instinct: Eros, and the aggressive instinct: Thanatos (life and death). The id is impulsive, responding to the instincts. A child is born with only an id. With immediate satisfaction, it provides pleasure, and without satisfaction, it provides pain or unsatisfaction. The id is not affected by reality or logic. We are completely unaware of its function as adults. It provides the energy needed for the conscious mind to function and develop.
Moderator between id and reality. Considers rules, etiquette, reality, and the superego's standards in trying to satisfy the id's desire. Seeks pleasure and avoids pain. Things are not right or wrong, but they are good if they satisfy the id without damaging the id or ego. Weak relative to the id, the best the ego can do is point the id's desires in the right direction. The ego plans, remembers, and evaluates. It is perceived as the self.
Ethics. The superego's criticisms and prohibitions create the conscience. Its ideals and aspirations create the idealized self-image. Develops in response to punishment and reward, and internalization of family's and society's morals, (and continues to develop with exposure to role models and a larger society). Violation of the superego's morals creates anxiety, guilt, and a need to repent.
Ego defense mechanisms
Examples of defense mechanisms
2. Projection: transferring unacceptable feelings and traits in yourself to someone else. For example, you may believe someone dislikes you, when in fact you strongly dislike them.
3. Rationalization: explaining an unacceptable feeling or behavior in a rational or logical way. For example, if someone's college application is rejected, they might believe that they didn't really want to go there.
4. Regression: reverting to behaviors used earlier in development. People may be fixated in a certain period of early development. For example, someone may sulk when something bad happens.
5. Sublimation: Acting on impulses in a socially acceptable way. For example, someone may become a football player to act out aggressive urges.
Ego. (2014). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com /EBchecked/topic/180318/ego
Id. (2014). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com /EBchecked/topic/281641/id