festivals of india

Description of Diwali

Diwali is a Hindu festival of light it is mostly celebrated in north India. It is also known as Deepavali. Lakshmi puja is a Hindu ritual performed during Diwali, the festival of lights. According to tradition people would put small oil lamps outside their homes on Diwali and hope Lakshmi will come to bless them.

Goddess Lakshmi is worshiped by those who wish to acquire or to preserve wealth. It is believed that Lakshmi (wealth) goes only to those houses which are clean and where the people are hardworking. She does not visit the places which are unclean/dirty or where the people are lazy.


holi

it is the hindu festival of colour.Holika Chiti should be lit by a Kshatriya or a King after Punya snana/Bath in river followed by Swastivaachan and Donations to learned Brahmins and the poor. In middle or outside the village he should cremate Holika demon's Chiti made of cow dung cakes and sacrificial firewood with the following shloka:

Asruk Pabhaya samthrasthai: Krutha thvam HOLI Baalishai:|Atha:Tvaam Poojayishyaami BHOOTAY Bhoothipradho Bhava||

Later he should extinguish the burnt Chithi (cremated woods and cow dung cakes) with ghee or milk. Then he should donate coconuts and guava fruits. People should circumambulate thrice the burnt chiti of Holika demon. Later people must dance, sing and play instruments in high pitch throughout the night to please and cool Holika. Thus one must spend the night joyfully during holi or Holika.

Shloka to worship the ash powders (coloured ashes of cow dung and firewood) of Holika Bhoomi is

"Vandhitaasi Surendrena Brahmana Shankaraena Cha| Athastvam Pahi no devi! Bhoothay bhoothipradho bhava||