Caged System For Poultry Production
The items needed to help the poultry to live happily.
Pricing for cage
price of eggs
In addition to being healthier for the planet, free-range eggs are often healthier for you too. In 2007, Mother Earth News collected nutritional data from the eggs produced by 14 flocks of free-range pastured hens and compared that with data provided by the USDA for conventional eggs. The study revealed that the free-range eggs, on average, contained one-third less cholesterol and one-quarter less saturated fat, in addition to higher levels of vitamin A, beta-carotene, vitamin E and omega-3 fatty acids. One important distinction is that all hens in the Mother Earth News study were pasture-fed, which is not required by the USDA for free-range eggs, so it's possible the improved nutrition was a result of the diet, and not the housing conditions.
"Cage Vs. Free Range Eggs | National Geographic." Green Living on National Geographic. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2013.
Large numbers of animals confined in small spaces, as seen in conventional egg-production facilities, pollute the air, water and soil with the vast amounts of manure they produce. Livestock manure runs off into waterways, causing nutrient pollution and algae blooms; gases from the manure pollute the air; and the medications and pathogens in the animals' waste causes health risks. Animal-based agriculture doesn't have to create a liability for the environment. In his 2006 book, "The Omnivore's Dilemma," Michael Pollan described poultry farms where rotating pastured poultry among fields provided enough manure to boost the nutrient levels in the soil without becoming toxic. At the same time, the chickens helped to control pests.
Egg-laying hens confined to cages do not have space to move, stretch or engage in natural behaviors, which causes them to engage in repetitive or destructive behaviors, such as feather-pulling or pecking at their neighbors. Caged hens show more fearful behavior and become prone to skeletal problems because of captivity. (See References 4, page 688) Because free-range hens are allowed outdoor access, more space to move around and more opportunities to engage in natural behaviors, free-range eggs are generally regarded as a more humane alternative to conventionally produced eggs. However, regulations on the use of the term "free-range" do not specify the amount of time outdoors or space the hen must have, nor do they indicate that the hen must have access to a pasture diet.