The Bill of Rights

Nirah Nyangaresi P6-U.S. HIST December 17, 2014

What is the bill of rights?

The Bill of Rights is the collective name for the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution. These amendments guarantee a number of personal freedoms, limit the government's power in judicial and other proceedings, and reserve some powers to the states and the public.

First Amendment: Freedom of Speech

You have the right to say or write anything you want and have your choice of freedom on religion and beliefs.

Ramos vs. Town of Vernon

In 2003, the town of Vernon, Connecticut, declared a curfew to reduce juvenile crime and victimization. The town's government argued that it created a curfew for public safety reasons, but it failed to prove that crime had been a problem during curfew hours.

Second Amendment: Right to keep and bear arms

You can own your own gun and have the right to protect yourself and your family. Nobody can stop you from having self defense.

District of Columbia vs. Heller

The Supreme Court decided that people should keep there guns for self defense since not everyone in the United States was a member in the national guard or police force.

Third Amendment: Right to protect property

No one including soldiers can just come in your house, eat your food or take your belongings.

Engblom vs. Carey

Plaintiffs must have known that substitute personal would be required during a strike. Since they are employees of a prison, they may properly be charged with knowledge of the risks and limitations.

Fourth Amendment: Right to refusal of search

To be able to look through your belongings or take anything away from you the police or any security has to have a search warrant and must have a good reason to look through your things and must say what they are looking for.

Arizona vs. Evans

The court found that even though a warrant was issued in error, based upon a mistake in an official database, the evidence should still be admissible.

Fifth Amendment: Right against self -incrimination

No one can take away your life, freedom or belongings without giving you a fair trial and of they do take your belongings they must pay for it.

Brown vs. Mississippi

Three black men had been convicted of the murder of a white farmer. Th court overturned the convictions on the basis that the forced confessions and the use of confessions in court violated due process.

Sixth Amendment: Right to a speedy trial

If you are charged with a crime your trial should happen right away and must be held in front of the public and should be decided if your guilty or innocent.

Sheppard vs. Maxwell

Sam sheppard was out on trial for killing his wife. In 1966 the Supreme Court justices ruled that the case should have been delayed or moved so that the public, and the jury would not unfairly judge sheppard.

Seventh Amendment: Right to jury trials

You can have a jury settle civil cases involving a lot of money. Once he case is decided upon the judge it cannot be brought up again in another court.

Tull vs. United States

The jury's role in the assessment of a remedy is not necessary to preserve the common law right of a trial by jury as the assessment of the civil penalty is not a fundamental part of a trial by jury.

Eighth Amendment: Right of fair punishment

If you are guilty of a crime your punishment should fit it. You don't have to pay unreasonable fines or pay to much money for bail.

Furman vs. Georgia

The Supreme Court ruled that current state death penalty laws were unconstitutional because a jury verdict alone could result in a death sentence.

Ninth Amendment: Freedom of pursuit of happiness

The government CANNOT take any rights away from people even it's in the Bill of Rights or not even in any situation.

Roe vs. Wade

The court has recognized that a right of personal privacy or a guarantee of certain areas or zones of privacy, does not exist under the constitution.

Tenth Amendment: Freedom of equal rights

There is 50 states in the United States, if the constitution does not give power to something specifically or that as long it doesn't say anywhere that the states can't do something the the states do have the power to something that is illegal there.

McCulloh vs. Maryland

The constitution provided the federal government with pother implied powers. The McCulloh vs. Maryland decision also determined that states had no choice but to obey federal laws.