Tetanus

BE CAREFUL...Don't Step On Those Nails.

By Corissa Gavin

Symptoms and Causes

Some of the symptoms of clostridium tetani, or tetanus, are very painful, but the causes can be worse. Some of the main causes of clostridium tetani are from metal, like if you stepped on a nail, or from animal feces. Some of the symptoms are stiffness in jaw, neck, or abdomen, a fever, or painful body spasms. It infects the central nervous system.

Geography

Tetanus is rare in the United States of America, but more common in less developed countries. There are around a million cases each year, and there were about 14,860 reported cases in 2013, also about 72,600 cases that lead to death. Fifteen percent of infected people die, but the have had treatment. While Twenty-five percent of the infected have died, but without treatment.

Similar Diseases

Some of the similar diseases are Diphtheria and Pertussis. They are similar because the are in the vaccines, and go good with tetanus to help cure. Other names for tetanus include, lockjaw and Trismus.

Extra Information

The target year to eliminate Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus is 2015. Thirty-five countries have yet to eliminate Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus. Anyone can get i , but it is most common in newborn, or pregnant women.

Treated or Cured?

Tetanus, as of now, has no cure. Some treatments include getting bed-rest or surgery to clean the wound. Another big one is just to get the vaccine.

Vaccine

There are many combinations of the Tetanus Vaccine, such as, DTaP, Tdap, TT, DTP, DT, and Td. They all prevent tetanus in one way or another. They have the vaccine in fifty-two countries, and it was given to thirteen million women.


In 1996 they did a study on Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus. There were six hundred pregnant women included in the study. Girls fifteen to forty-nine are most likely to get Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus. More than one hundred twenty-eight million women have been vaccinated.Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus is still a threat in 24 countries. Tetanus kills a newborn every eleven minutes. That is about one hundred thirty-four babies each day.


You need to get a booster every ten years, but don't get the vaccine when your'e very sick. Some of the side-effects of the vaccine include getting a fever, redness, swelling, soreness,or tenderness where the shot was given. Some of the rarer, more fatal, side-effects include lowered consciousness, long-term seizures, or permanent brain damage. The ages you need to get the vaccine are two to eighteen months, four to six years (for DTaP), eleven to eighteen years, and second or third trimesters of pregnancy(for Tdap).


Vaccine was produced in 1924 and was used in both World Wars. The tetanus vaccine prevents against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis. Tetanus leads to death in two out of ten cases, but is rare in the United States of America.


If you pay $1.80 to UNICEF you can save a child's life. Instead of buying a coffee, an app, or an ice cream.

Bibliography

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 07 Feb. 2013. Web. 10 Dec. 2014.

Protection at Birth (PAB) Coverage against Tetanus, 2012. Digital image. WHO. WHO/UNICEF, 16 July 2013. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.

"Statement on Tetanus Toxoid Vaccine." WHO. WHO, 13 Nov. 2014. Web. 5 Dec. 2014.

Status of June 2014. Digital image. WHO. WHO, 21 Nov. 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

"Tetanus." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic, 24 Apr. 2013. Web. 2 Dec. 2014.

"Tetanus: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 7 Nov. 2014. Web. 3 Dec. 2014.

Tetanus?, What Is. TETANUS. Illinois Department of Public Health. Illinois Department of Public Health. Web. 8 Dec. 2014.

UNICEF. UNICEF. Web. 10 Dec. 2014.