Spina Bifida

Split spine

WHAT IS IT ?

It is caused by failure of the spinal cord to develop properly

  • occurs when the neural tube is not formed properly
  • The bones of spinal column and muscle fail surround the spinal cord properly

3 Types

1. Spinal Bifida occulta: mildest form, one or more vertebrae are malformed, covered by a layer of skin

2.A meningocele: occurs when the meninges extend out of an opening in the vertebrae

3. A myelomeningocele: the most severe form of spina bifida in which the spinal cord and the meninges extend out of an opening in the vertebrae

SYMPTOMS

  • seen above the skin
  • abnormal tuft of hair
  • birthmark
  • protruding spinal cord tissue
  • bed wetting
  • leaking of urine
  • U.T.I
  • muscle weakness
  • stiff muscles
  • overactive reflexes
  • brown spot on the skin
  • hunched back
  • intellectual disability
  • nerve injury
  • paralysis
  • physical deformity

Common Birth defect

TREATMENTS

Not cured but certain things may help

  • Back Brace
  • Spinal surgery
  • Urinary diversion
  • Spinal fusion
  • Enema