Help the Gray Wolves
The Gray Wolves and What you Can Do To Help Them
About the Wolves
The gray wolf of Alberta is the largest member of the wild dog family. One Adult can weigh up to 60 kilograms, or 130 pounds. Their fur is most commonly gray with a dark shading, but can vary in color from almost black to almost white. Coats are usually long and dense. The face is usually broad, with a muzzle that is less pointed than a coyote's. The ears are thickly furred. They have large feet that aid in traveling over snow quickly. In North America, the wolves once ranged from Mexico to the Arctic. As the continent was settled on, their territory was greatly confined and numbers decreased. In Alberta, the wolves are found in the mountain, foothill and arboreal regions.
History of the Wolf
The gray wolf once included the grasslands in Alberta, but now its habitat is confined to the forested areas. Wolves are social animals found in packs numbering from 2 to over 20. The size of a pack tends to be the largest in the winter. The wolf pack travels, hunts, and rests together. Packs most commonly includes a pair of breeding adults and their pups, as well as younger wolves and/or extra adults. Each pack lives and hunts in an certain territory established by scent markings. Spats or fights with other packs are used to keep their territorial boundaries. The wolves only do this if necessary. Gray wolf territories can range from 250 to 750 square kilometers, or 97 to 282 square miles. The wolf's howl allows wolves communicate across long distances, and it also helps to determine pack territories.
Moose, deer, caribou, and elk and are the main food of wolves, but they may eat beaver, hare, fish and certain plant material.