The Bill of Rights

By: Shelby Braden

What was the Bill of Rights?

“The Bill of Rights (1791), the first 10 amendments of the U.S. Constitution, lays out such rights as freedom of religion,press, and speech, as well as due process rights. (Vile 1). These ten amendments were written by James Madison (Bill of Rights Institute 1). The Bill of Rights are specific rules and regulations regarding the governments power. All ten of these Amendments were ratified on December 15th, 1791.

How did The Bill of Rights impact the U.S. Constitution?


The Bill of Rights impacted the U.S. Constitution because it protected citizens and organized their rights.

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BILL OF RIGHTS: PRIMARY DOCUMENT

This document is a picture of the Bill of Rights. “THE Conventions of a number of the States, having at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added...(Fathers 1). This quote above, is about the Bill of Rights.

10 Amendments (Translation)

"First

  • Freedom of speech
  • Freedom of the press
  • Freedom of religion
  • Freedom of assembly
  • Right to petition the government

Second

  • Right to bear arms

Third

  • Protection against housing soldiers in civilian homes

Fourth

  • Protection against unreasonable search and seizure
  • Protection against the issuing of warrants without probable cause

Fifth

  • Protection against
    • trial without indictment
    • double jeopardy
    • self-incrimination
    • property seizure

Sixth

  • Right to a speedy trial
  • Right to be informed of charges
  • Right to be confronted by witnesses
  • Right to call witnesses
  • Right to a legal counsel

Seventh

  • Right to trial by jury

Eighth

  • Protection against
    • excessive bail
    • excessive fines
    • cruel and unusual punishment

Ninth

  • Rights granted in the Constitution shall not infringe on other rights.

Tenth

  • Powers not granted to the Federal Government in the Constitution belong to the states or the people."


(Association 2015).

Federalists VS. Anti-Federalists

Federalists

The Federalists, were the people that supported the Constitution during this time. Ben Franklin and George Washington were full supporters of the Constitution (Federalists US.History 1). Federalists believed that the Constitution was necessary for the government to succeed. But, they believed that the Bill of Rights was not necessary because the states kept all the kept all the power not given to the government.

Anti-Federalists

"The ANTIFEDERALISTS were a diverse coalition of people who opposed ratification of the Constitution" (AntiFederalists US.History 1). The Anti-Federalists main strength was in the western regions. They were extremely social towards the newer settled areas. Their goal was to seize more and more power in the political eye. The Anti- Federalists viewed the Constitution to be "Political Corruption."

How do Federalists and Anti-Federalists relate to the Bill of Rights?

The Federalists did not think the Bill of Rights were needed.

"One of the many points of contention between Federalists and Anti-Federalists was the Constitution’s lack of a bill of rights that would place specific limits on government power" (Bill of Rights Institute 1).

Works Cited

1.Source:

http://americangovernment.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/1386705?terms=The+Bill+of+Rights

Vile, John R. "Bill of Rights." American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2016. Web. 15 Jan. 2016.

Summary/ How it relates to the project:

This source is a database. It is a full description of the Bill of Rights. Every detail regarding the Bill of Rights is in this source, that is why I chose to use it. “The Bill of Rights (1791), the first 10 amendments of the U.S. Constitution, lays out such rights as freedom of religion,press, and speech, as well as due process rights. “ This is just a quote about the whole idea of the Bill of rights.

2. Source

:http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/suic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&display-query=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Reference&limiter=&u=mont47812&currPage=&disableHighlighting=true&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_within_results=&p=SUIC&action=e&catId=GALE%7CAAA000029140&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CEJ2181500124

"Constitution and the Bill of Rights Overview." Gale Student Resources in Context. Detroit: Gale, 2011. Student Resources in Context. Web. 15 Jan. 2016.

Summary/ How it relates to the project:

Source number two is about the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. It has a good amount of information about the Bill of Rights. Also I like this source because I will know more information about the Constitution. It talks about the other amendments and amending the constitution.

3. Source:http://www.ushistory.org/us/18a.asp

Association, Independence Hall. 18a. The Bill of Rights. Independence Hall, n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2016.

Summary/ How it relates to the project:

This source is reliable. It shows all 10 Amendments. It also explains each of the rights and protection in an organized chart. I will use this source to refer back to the 10 Amendments in my project including the section about the Amendments in depth. I also like how this source shows the protection of Individual Rights. After reading about this source, I fully understand each of the Amendments with no more questions regarding them.

4. Source:http://www.billofrightsinstitute.org/founding-documents/bill-of-rights/

"Bill of Rights - Bill of Rights Institute." Bill of Rights Institute. Bill of Rights Institute, 2016. Web. 19 Jan. 2016.

Summary/ How it relates to the project:

This is a source regarding all information about the Bill of Rights. This source goes into detail about the Amendments, describing them word for word. It also talks about how the Bill of Rights affected the government. I like how this source includes people such as the author, and a little bit about the Virginia Bill of Rights. “The Bill of Rights is a list of limits on government power.” I could use this quote to introduce more info about the Bill of Rights.

5. Source:http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/bill_of_rights.html

Fathers, Founding. "Bill of Rights." National Archives and Records Administration. National Archives and Records Administration, n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2016.

Summary/ How it relates to the project:

This document is a picture of the Bill of Rights. I can later quote the first sentence of the Bill of Rights. “THE Conventions of a number of the States, having at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added: And as extending the ground of public confidence in the Government, will best ensure the beneficent ends of its.”

6. Source:http://www.ushistory.org/us/16a.asp

Ushistory.org. "Federalists." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2016.

Summary/ How it relates to the project:

Because I my topic is solely on the Bill of Rights as a whole, I chose to look into the Federalists. I can use this to compare the two of them.

7. Source:http://www.ushistory.org/us/16b.asp

Http://www.ushistory.org/us/16b.asp. "Antifederalists." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2016.

“The supporters of the proposed Constitution called themselves "FEDERALISTS." Their adopted name implied a commitment to a loose, decentralized system of government. In many respects "FEDERALISM" — which implies a strong central government — was the opposite of the proposed plan that they supported.”

Summary/ How it relates to the project:

As I stated above, I need to look into Federalists. I also need to look into Anti-Federalists. This source fully describes Anti- Federalists. “The ANTIFEDERALISTS were a diverse coalition of people who opposed ratification of the Constitution. Although less well organized than the Federalists, they also had an impressive group of leaders who were especially prominent in state politic.”