The U.S. drop atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Leading Up To The Bombs

In December of 1941, Japan dropped a bomb on a military base in Hawaii called Pearl Harbor. By the Japanese doing so, they pulled the United States into World War II. A year later, J. Robert Oppenheimer becomes the new director to secretly create and test bombs which is named The Manhattan Project. While still in the process of creating the bombs three years later, Hitler gave the official surrender which ended the war in Europe which directed the United States's attention on Japan because the bombs were originally set for Germany. A couple of months after Hitler's surrender on July 16th, 1945, the U.S. test the world's first atomic bomb in New Mexico which turns out to be a big success. President Harry Truman, a few months later on August 6th, 1945, he decides to use his success on Japan by bombing Hiroshima and three days later, Nagasaki.

Atomic Bomb Photos

The Justification Of Using The Bombs

With nearly 225,000 people dead in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Harry Truman says that his main reason to using the bombs is that he wanted to win the war as quickly as he could at the lowest cost possible. And he did just that because after he dropped the second bomb on Nagasaki, the Japanese leader surrendered.

Although this is the main reason, some do believe that another reason Truman decided to drop the bombs was to get back at Japan for bombing Pearl Harbor which is also a good possibility.

The Effects On Civilians

30 minutes after the bomb in Hiroshima went off, black rain came down which caused the Japanese people to be happy because they got water to drink but what the black rain was made out of would only kill them later. The black rain was mixed with dust, dirt, soot, and highly radioactive particles that floated up into the clouds after the bomb went off.

Afterwards, radiation started to kick in causing hair loss and skin peeling off. Radiation has also been detected to cause many cancers years after the bombs along with birth defects.

Alternative Choice

Although the bombs were dropped, there were some other routes Harry Truman could have gone. He could have waited the Japanese out. General MacArthur said himself that he felt the Japanese were intimidated by what the U.S. could do and that they would surrender in six months or less. However, that route would take longer and the war would have gone for a longer time.

Even though this was defiantly a choice for Truman, he wanted to get out of the war as soon as possible so he did what he thought would in the long run be a quicker and safer route for his Americans.


If I were president during the time of WWII and had to decide whether or not to drop the two bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, I personally would not have done it. After seeing the effects of the bombs, I could never do that to someone even if they were my enemy. They are humans too and they deserve to live. They shouldn't have to worry about if they are going to be bombed the next day. The people who survived shouldn't have to go through all the after effects that they had. All the cancers, birth defects, and the radiation effects are all so much for one person to go through and I could never wish that upon someone else. That is just a cruel and disgusting thing to do to someone.

Works Cited

Timeline: The Road to Hiroshima. NPR, n.d. Web. 3 May 2015. <>.

Understanding the Decision to Drop the Bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. CSIS, n.d. Web. 3 May 2015. <>.