Sickle Cell Disease

By: Brandon Wright

Sickle Cell disease (Sickle Hemoglobin)

Sickle cell disease is caused by a genetic abnormality in the gene for hemoglobin, which results in the production of sickle hemoglobin.

Causes Of Sickle Cell

Children are born with sickle cell disease; it is not contagious. It occurs when a child inherits two sickle hemoglobin genes, one from each parent. About 2,000 babies are born with sickle cell disease each year in the United States.

Symptoms

  • Severe pain
  • Anemia
  • Chest Pain and difficulty breathing
  • Strokes
  • Joint Pain and arthritis and bone infractions
  • Blockage of blood flow in the spleen or liver
  • Severe infections

Detection of Sickle Cell

Sickle-shaped red blood cells can be seen when a blood sample is examined under a microscope. But sickle cell disease is diagnosed by a blood test, which measures the amount of the abnormal sickle hemoglobin.

Treatments

  • Opioid pain medications (morphine)
  • Anti-inflammatory medications (ibuprofen)
  • Antibiotics for
  • Oxygen
  • Intravenous or oral fluids

http://www.webmd.com/pain-management/pain-management-sickle-cell-disease#1

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