Mesopotamia is located in southwest Asia. There are two main rivers the Tigris and the Euphrates. The meaning of Mesopotamia in Greek is "between rivers". Mesopotamia is also known as the Fertile Crescent because of the soil fertility. The climate is warm and they experience a lot of rain. If you look at the map today you would see that Iran in where Mesopotamia used to be. The distance from North Carolina to Iran is 7,000 miles away
The history of Mesopotamia describes the history of the area known as Mesopotamia roughly coinciding with the Tigris and the Euphrates basin from the earliest human occupation in the lower Paleolithic period up to the Muslim conquests in the 7th century AD. While the Paleolithic and early Neolithic periods only parts of upper Mesopotamia were occupied the southern alluvium was settled during the late Neolithic period. Mesopotamia was entering history from the early Bronze Age for which reason it is mostly called the cradle of civilization Mesopotamia was home of many of the oldest major civilizations its regional independence ended with the Achaemenid conquest in 539 BC although a few native neo Assyrian kingdoms existed at different times namely aid absence osrone and hatra.
Why did people build a civilization in the middle of the desert Because it was a good place to live thousands of years ago, early settlers began to build cities along the banks of the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers. Natural wildlife and vegetation kept them alive while they began to build their civilazation.they used the weeds that grew along the riverbanks and used wet clay to make their sturdy baskets. These early people built canals to bring water to the land from the rivers because it did not rain there much. They planted wheat, barley, dates, and vegetables including cucumbers, onions, apples, and spices. They raised sheep, goats, and cows. They hunted wild game birds and other animals, and enjoyed fish, cheese, eggs, roasted duck, pork, and deer and thats how the survived.
The Hanging Gardens Of Babylon were one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient World and the only one of the wonders that may have been purely legendary. They were purportedly built in the ancient city of Babylon, near present-day Al hilla , Babil Provence in Iraq. But this wasnt the only good thing in mesopotamia.The gardens were attributed to the Neo Babylon king Nabullancer who ruled between 605 and 562 BC. He is reported to have constructed the gardens to please his homesick wife. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are documented by ancient Greek and Roman writers, including Strabo and Quintus Curtus Ruffus. But no cuneiform texts describing the Hanging Gardens are extant, and no one knows about there whereabouts.