Sociology Semester Project
Sociology of Sports
2. Sports reflect the male dominated society in America, however much progress is being made towards equality in sports.
3. According to conflict theorists, sports are a social institution in which the most powerful exploit, oppress, manipulate, and coerce others.
4. However, many people believe it teaches basic beliefs and values, promotes a sense of social identification, offers a safe release of aggressive feelings, and encourages the development of character.
5. Many people see issues with sports, such as they contribute to upward social mobility among college athletes, but the opportunities are few and divert attention from learning academic and business-related skills necessary for success.
6. Minorities and women are often discriminated against in certain sports.
7. Women face gender based stereotypes, and often have a hard time participating in male dominated sports such as football or hockey.
8. Males face these same issues when participating in sports such as cheerleading, gymnastics, or volleyball.
The Basis of Culture
2. Culture is important because it helps explain human social behavior.
3. All the different elements of culture- knowledge, language, values, customs, and physical objects- form a whole culture that defines a society's way of life.
4. Instincts are generally inherited patterns of behavior, such as yawning, blushing, and cold chills.
5. Even though humans are born with instincts, they rely more on culture because they are forced to create their own ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving.
6. Culture is also influenced by genetics and environmental factors, like when genes determine intelligence.
7. Sociobiologists study this relationship of how biology influences human behavior.
8. However, a major criticism of sociobiology is that the importance placed on genetics could be used as justification to label specific races as superior or inferior.
2. Some female gender stereotypes include appearance being valued over intellect, women are helpless and in need of protection, and women are domestic and likely to marry.
3. Some male gender stereotypes include not showing emotions, being naturally strong and heroic, and having non-domestic jobs.
4. For example, in Cinderella, her main goal is to find her prince charming and be rescued from her evil stepmother and stepsisters.
5. In some children's movies girls are portrayed as very thin with wide hips and sometimes wear minimal clothing, such as Jasmine from Aladdin.
6. In Tarzan, he is very muscular and heroic, and he saves Jane many times throughout the movie.
7. In the Lion King, Simba is born with great power and is destined to rule over the land.
8. For both men and women characters, undesirable characters are portrayed as fat, ugly, or scary looking, and often with a menacing or raspy voice.
Founders of Sociology
2. He also published the six volume Positive Philosophy that outlined the principles of sociology.
3. The Communist Manifesto greatly influenced the beginning of sociology and promoted a classless society.
4. Émile Durkheim is credited as being one of the principle founders of modern sociology.
5. Max Weber published The Protestant Ethic and The Spirit of Capitalism which profoundly influenced social theory and research.
6. Jane Addams was a social worker and a leader in women's suffrage and world peace.
7. She also created the first ever Hull House.
8. She was then awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931.
Greek and American Culture
2. In American culture, almost any method of schooling is acceptable. However, in Greek culture, it is recommended that children attend Greek school.
3. The wedding ceremonies differ between the two cultures too. For example, in Greek culture the best man shaves the groom to symbolize trust.
4. The way the wedding party dresses is different too. Both have traditionally white dresses; however in Greek culture, the dresses and accessories tend to be very over the top.
5. In American culture, bridesmaids wear the color that matches the theme of the wedding. However, in Greek culture bridesmaids usually wear blue in order to ward off evil.
6. Greek culture also has different beliefs and traditions for the wedding ceremony. American people traditionally throw rice, while Greek people spit on the bride's dress for good luck.
7. In Greek wedding ceremonies, the bride and groom wear two crowns joined together by a ribbon to symbolize their union.
8. In addition to wearing a crown, the bride and groom usually walk in a circle around the altar, taking their "first steps as a couple". This is typically not practiced in American culture.