Scuba diving wrong doings

What happens when you don't follow scuba diving guide lines.

Laws

Boyle's law- If pressure increases, volume decreases; they have an inverse relationship.

Charles's law- Gases expand when heated.

Dalton's law- Total pressure exerted is equal to the sum of the partial pressures of the individual gases.

Gay-Lussac's law- The relationship between gas and pressure when they are combined.

Henry's law- At a constant temperature, the amount of a given gas that dissolves in a given type and volume of a liquid is directly proportional to the partical pressure of that gas in equailibrium with that liquid.

Video of the affects of the bends

The bends

How do you get it? The bends is a common result from diving, from the nitrogen or any other gas in a divers tank increasing in pressure. The nitrogen over time builds up in the body tissue because non like oxygen, the body doesn't use the nitrogen. The pressure increases every 33 feet the diver goes by 11.6 pounds per square inch. The dangers of the bends include; Death. Side effects are; Joint pain, dizziness, headache, etc. Treatments; Hyperbolic recompression chamber. Gay-Lussac's relates to this because his law has to do with the relationship between gas and pressure, and with the bends gas increases with pressure.

Air embolisms

How do you get it? Happens when a air bubble enters a vein or artery. The dangers consist of; Heart attack, stroke, or respiratory failure. Side effects are; Muscle pain, chest or heart failure, blue skin hue, low blood pressure, etc. Treatments for Air Embolism; Hospital care, air, removing air from the heart. Best relates to Charles slaw because his law states gases expand when heated and the gas bubbles are formed/expanded in your blood.

Oxygen toxicity

How do you get it? Being exposed to oxygen at high pressures. Common in divers who go beyond the recreational dive depth. The dangers are; Death. Side effects include; Seizures, unconsciousness. How to treat it; Oxygen therapy.