Minnesota's Coniferous Forest

Alejandra Rincón


North central and northeastern regions of Minnesota.

Glaciers and fires

Glaciers sculpted this landscape leaving thin deposits of till blanketing bedrock in the northeast and deeper deposits in the southern and western portions. Soils have developed from gleciers.

Two major causes of the natural change in the coniferous forest are the catastrophic storms and fires. A tornado or a windstorm can knock trees down immediately. In the right conditions a fire can ignite and consume down a forest. As elevation rises towards the east, soils become thinner.

Abiotic factors

Coniferous forest is the largest of the state's biomes. The ground layer has a kind of acid called needle litter that is helpful for different types of herbs. Cold winters and cool summers are caused by the Artic and it also causes extreme temperature changes.