Paper 2 Review

Effects of War/Cold War

In what ways did the role and status of women change as a result of 20th century total war?

  • In the beginning women were outsiders to political life, voting, serving on juries and holding elective office.
  • Women had no separate legal identity from that of her husband.
  • They had no right to sue or be sued because they had no separate standing in the court.
  • They were not seen as persons under the 14th Amendment to the constitution which guarantees equal protection under the law.

In what ways did the role and status of women change as a result of 20th century total war?

  • When the war ended, some of the new fields of work were opening up.
  • Some women were given the right to vote, but full female suffrage wouldn't come until a decade later.
  • Women started working in essential industries, joined armed forces, and rejected many ideas about taboos on sex before marriage.
  • Women started embarking on careers which challenged the traditional stereotypes.

Assess the role of Truman and Stalin in the origins and development of the Cold War.

Origins and developments of Cold War:

Origins/Developments:

  • Truman's policies were seen as aggressive towards the USSR; it further alienated the two superpowers.
  • Stalin's reforms contrasted with Truman's.
  • The Yalta Conference and Germany's surrender.
  • The Potsdam Conference and the differing stance from Truman.
  • They had contrasting views dealing with what constituted security for the members of the Grand Alliance.
  • Korean War was a conflict between East and West moved from Europe to East Asia.
  • The clash over the future confrontation over Iran.
  • Truman's effects from Potsdam and his policies of containment.