What is Skin Cancer
By: Dawson Pehowski, and Evan Allen
Definition of skin cancer
Cancer is when damaged cells grow out of control. A cancer cell is a cell that has damaged DNA and unlike most cells with damaged dna it does not die off it reproduces and creates more cells with the same damaged DNA. These cells are not doing there job to help the body because of the damaged DNA. Skin cancer is Any kind of Cancer that originates or spreads to the skin. There are over 200 known kinds of cancer. About ½ people in the UK will get cancer but many of these people will get cured and half will end up live over 10 years with their cancer. The place where the cancer originated from is called the primary tumor and if it spread to another place in the body which cancer doesn't always necessarily do it is called a secondary tumor. (Cancer Research UK)
What are the symptoms of skin cancer? How does it impact the people it affects?
Skin cancer causes many symptoms such as new fast growing moles, waxy or pearly bumps, ulcers, brown scaly patches or any number of skin irregularities. These symptoms are normally found on sun exposed areas such as neck face shoulder or arms yet these symptoms can still form on any part of the body. These symptoms themselves don't impact the the people that much but the treatments are what affects the patients the most. if this cancer goes untreated it can spread to other parts of the body and can also cause death.(cancer.org)
How prevalent is skin cancer?
The most common kind of skin cancer is basal cell carcinoma (bcc) and there are over 2,000,000 in the US each year. The most common place for BCC to form is on the face specifically on the nose. There are a few things that increase the odds of getting skin cancer such as tanning beds and even just to much exposure to the sun. this is because the UV rays can damage skin cells and potential make them cancerous. Even though there are things that increase your odds of getting skin cancer you can get it on parts on your body that see very little sunlight. (American Academy of Dermatology)
How is it diagnosed?
Skin cancer is luckily one of the easier cancer to detect. You can do regular skin checks on yourself as often as every month and you can alert your doctor to any fast growing moles, new moles or any other symptom of skin cancer. Your doctor also checks your skin for any sign of skin cancer on your yearly physicals. If your doctor thinks they find anything that could be caused by skin cancer they may recommend you to a dermatologist which is a doctor who specializes on skin. They might perform a dermatoscopy which is a method dermatologist use to look more closely at your skin. (cancer.org)
What are the possible causes of skin cancer?
What happens at cellular and molecular level?
What are treatments? What are the cures?
Dawson's Work Cited
"Skin Cancer Foundation." Treatment Options. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2015.
"Skin Cancer." Human Diseases and Conditions. Ed. Miranda Herbert Ferrara. 2nd ed. Vol. 4. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2010. 1514-1519. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 18 Dec. 2015.
Miranda Herbert Ferrara. 2nd ed. Vol. 4. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2010.
I used this source for most of my info it was part of the data bases. This is a good place to find credible info about skin cancer. I used this source to find out what happens at the cellular level when you have skin cancer. It is a good source because it has a lot of info on skin cancer in general. I chose this source because I was able to find the info I needed to answer the three EQ’s I had to answer. The cite was updated last on December 18 2015. There was no bias it saw both sides of the issue.
"Skin Cancer Risks and Causes." Skin Cancer Risks and Causes. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2015.
Even's Work Cited
"Can Melanoma Skin Cancer Be Found Early?" Can Melanoma Skin Cancer Be Found Early? N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.
I used this source for over half of my research because i found that it had a lot of info and i didn't find any biases in this article. I found this article on my own and didn't use one of the Data bases. It helped me answer the EQs of what are the symptoms and how is it diagnosed. this site was last updated on 3/20/15.
"Basal Cell Carcinoma." Basal Cell Carcinoma. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.