Citizenship and Naturaliztion

Immigrants coming to America

History of Citizenship: Ellis Island

Ellis Island was a place for many immigrants from the European Countries. Established in 1892 people that went through ellis island have records there, and 40% of Americans can date there ancestors through the island.

The Process

  1. Determine if you are already a U.S. citizen.
Most of the time if you are born in the U.S. or born to parents that are U.S. citizens you are automatically.

2. Determine your eligibility to become a U.S. citizen.

You qualify if you are over 18 or have been living in the U.S. for 5 years or more.

3. Prepare Form N-400, Application for Naturalization.

If you meet the requirements of a U.S. citizen you are required to download and complete a N-400 form. This website thas the link to the form. http://www.uscis.gov/n-400

4. Submit Form N-400, Application for Naturalization

Once you submit the form you will get a receipt notice in the mail.

5. Go to the bio metrics appointment, if applicable

The FBI needs to see if you have a criminal background and a fingerprint.

6. Complete the interview

This test consists of 4 parts; English, Reading, Civics, Writing. There are 100 civics questions but you will only need to answer 6 of them. The reading test makes you read one of 3 sentences aloud to prove you can read English. Passing the English test is determined by an USCIS officer. Writing makes you write one of 3 sentences in English.

7. Receive a decision from USCIS on your Form N-400, Application for Naturalization.

You will be either granted of denied.

8.Receive a notice to take the Oath of Allegiance.


9.Take the Oath of Allegiance to the United States.

This finalizes the road to become a citizen until you say the oath. Make sure you don't miss the date!

10. Understand U.S. citizenship

Rights • Freedom to express yourself. • Freedom to worship as you wish. • Right to a prompt, fair trial by jury. • Right to vote in elections for public officials. • Right to apply for federal employment requiring U.S. citizenship. • Right to run for elected office. • Freedom to pursue “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” Responsibilities • Support and defend the U.S. Constitution. • Stay informed of the issues affecting your community. • Participate in the democratic process. • Respect and obey federal, state, and local laws. • Respect the rights, beliefs, and opinions of others. • Participate in your local community. • Pay income and other taxes honestly, and on time, to federal, state, and local authorities. • Serve on a jury when called upon. • Defend the country if the need should arise

For more info go to http://www.uscis.gov/sites/default/files/USCIS/files/M-1051.pdf

The Green Card

This card is important to becoming a legal citizen. It takes time to receive he card but is is worth it so you won't get charged with being an illegal citizen. You can also be deported back to the country you came from if you don't have a green card.
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