Soaring eagles

the effects of european migration to the americas

LIFE BEFORE COLONIZATION

In Renaissance times, Europeans were not the only ones accomplishing great things. No one can deny the beauty of Michelangelo's brushwork or the brilliance of Shakespeare's verse. But societies elsewhere also flourished. As the modern world turned 1600, it seems as though each corner of the globe had its own "renaissance." The Native American societies of North America were no different. They had diverse cultures and languages that were changing and developing, much like Europe.

FIRST CONTACT

In 1492, Christopher Columbus landed in the Caribbean, unlocking what Europeans quickly came to call the ‘New World’. Columbus ‘found’ a land with around two million inhabitants. He thought he had found a new route to the East, so he mistakenly called these people ‘Indians’. Within a hundred years, Europeans were trying to settle in the Americas. With Spanish and Portuguese explorers in the south, English explorers focused on North America.

EUROPEAN IMMIGRATION

The reasons for the English Immigration to America was at first based on obtaining profit from the new lands but quickly changed as people decided to move from England to escape religious and political prosecution. The prospect of a new life and owning some land was also a major reason for the English immigration to America, but there was one problem, all of this "free" land was already owned by the native Americans. and this caused conflict. alot of it

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LIVING AND SHARING LANDS

at first the relations between the natives and Europeans were peaceful and calm But in time the Europeans disregarded all respect for the valued land and resources and instead displayed insatiable greed and arrogance. The Europeans soon pursued their intent to conquer this new continent with brutal attacks and invasion. The Native Americans soon realized that the invaders would arrive in overwhelming numbers, as many “as the stars in heaven.” Initially, the people of this land tried to co-exist with the Europeans. But many more problems arose. With all their intriguing gadgets, the white men brought deadly diseases to the Native Americans.

THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR

the French and Indian War. It had profound effects on Native Americans, particularly those in the Ohio River and the Mississippi River regions. Many of these tribes actively participated in the war and chose sides. After the war, the Ohio Valley tribes lost a powerful ally in France, and therefore their ability to counteract English colonial intrusions into their territories.

INDIAN REMOVAL ACT

After demanding both political and military action on removing Native American Indians from the southern states of America in 1829, President Andrew Jackson signed this into law on May 28, 1830. Although it only gave the right to negotiate for their withdrawal from areas to the east of the Mississippi river and that relocation was supposed to be voluntary, all of the pressure was there to make this all but inevitable. All the tribal leaders agreed after Jackson’s landslide election victory in 1832.

It is generally acknowledged that this act spelled the end of Indian Rights to live in those states under their own traditional laws. They were forced to assimilate and concede to US law or leave their homelands. The Indian Nations themselves were force to move and ended up in Oklahoma.

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NATIVE AMERICAN UPRISINGS

the most famous uprising was The battle of Little Bighorn that occurred in 1876 and is commonly referred to as “Custer’s Last Stand”. The battle took place between the U.S. Cavalry and northern tribe Indians, including the Cheyenne, Sioux, and Arapaho. Prior to the battle of Little Bighorn in Montana, the tribal armies, under the direction of Sitting Bull, had decided to wage war against the whites for their refusal to stay off of tribal lands in the Black Hills. In the spring of 1876, Sitting Bull and his tribal army had successfully battled the U.S. Cavalry twice. the native Americans slaughtered Custer and his forces
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"This war did not spring up on our land, this war was brought upon us by the children of the Great Father who came to take our land without a price, and who, in our land, do a great many evil things... This war has come from robbery - from the stealing of our land." - Spotted Tail

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MANIFEST DESTINY

manifest destiny is a term for the attitude prevalent during the 19th century period of American expansion that the United States not only could, but was destined to, stretch from coast to coast. This attitude helped fuel western settlement, Native American removal and war with Mexico. it is the main cause for the native Americans being run off their land
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LOOKING FORWARD

Native Americans will be all right. The worst is almost certainly behind them. It'll not be smooth sailing from here on out -- but I do think there's good odds that overall the situation will improve, rather than deteriorate.
But what it'll mean to be Indian, will change subtly.
Current blood-quantum laws that require a certain percentage of Indian blood in order to be a citizen will be changed. Those tribes who do not change them will die out. This is inevitable since inter-marriage always results in a "thinner" Indian blood.
Instead, most tribes will adopt laws similar to those most other countries in the world today has, where you become a citizen either by having parents who are citizens, or by meaningfully being a part of the tribe over a long period, perhaps also with requirements for things like knowledge of language or customs. In other words, the requirements for becoming a citizen of a Native American tribe, will become similar to the requirements we already have for becoming a citizen of a country