Revolution, Industry, and Empire

Monica Su

What were the causes of the Opium War? Within the provisions of the Treaty of Nanjing, what territorial changes were made?

-British wanted to trade.
-China said no.
-British started selling opium in China.
--Retaliation
-Chinese had harsh laws against opium sellers.
-Chinese were not working?! due to opium addiction.
Effects - shipment of opium was attacked in a China harbor in 1839.
-crashes any Chinese superiority.
-Treaty of Nanjing

(Aug. 29, 1842) treaty that ended the first Opium War, the first of the unequal treaties between China and foreign imperialist powers.

Describe the internal dissent and approach to reform of the late Qing rulers.

Guang Xi, the new emperor, introduces reforms to help modernize China - industrializing, promoting education, helping the economy. Unfortunately, this hope to rise again is destroyed and he is killed.

modern technology
weapons
young men were sent to study
update civil service exam
created wester-style school system
made economic changes

Describe the decline of Tokugawa Japan and how they dealt with foreign pressures.

Spheres of Influence

Foreign powers established these areas. They had special privileges over mines, railroads, ports, etc. Did not have direct control over the area, but a large presence. China still too weak to resist, and foreigners start pouring in.

Analyze the Meiji Restoration

Undercut the power of the daimyo, abolish hereditary privileges, create a modern Western political system

Democratic yet despotic
Modern yet traditional
Allowed ruling class and new institutions
Intimate relationship between govt. and private business

What were some of Japan's main industries during the Meiji era?

Tea, silk, weaponry, shipbuilding, and sake (Japanese rice wine.

What were the negative affects of the Meiji reforms on workers?

Workers abandoned their farms and fled to cities, where there was horrendous work conditions