Cardiovascular System Study Guide

Alex Petfalski

Parts and functions of the cardiovascular system

What is a function of a circulatory system?

  • Removing waist from tissue
What are the components of the circulatory system?

  • Blood, heart. and blood vessels
What is the largest pathway of the circulatory system?

  • Systemic circulation
What is the correct way of blood flow?

  • Right atrium⟶ Right ventricle⟶ Pulmonary artery
In the heart, the mixing of oxygen-rich and oxygen-poor is prevented by...?

  • Valves
Compared with the walls of the arteries, the walls of capillaries...?

  • Are thicker
What type of blood vessels carry blood away from the heart?

  • Arteries
When an infection occurs in the body, the number of...?

  • White blood cells increase
What blood cells are numerous in your body?

  • Red
What is a function(s) of blood?

  • Fight infections
  • Regulate blood temperatures
  • Transport nutrients

Answer the following:

What is the place that blood enters when oxygen poor?

Vena cava

What leaves the body through the aorta?

Oxygen-rich blood

What is the liquid part of blood called?


What is the chemical that makes blood look red in air?


What side of the heart is oxygen rich?

Left side

What side of the heart is oxygen poor?

Right side

Big image

Parts of the heart

1. Aorta

2. Right Atrium

3. Right Ventricle

4. Tricuspid Valve

5. Pulmonary Artery

6. Pulmonary vein

7. Left Atrium

8. Left Ventricle

9. Superior Vena Cava

10. Interior Vena Cava

11. Bicuspid Valve

12. Pulmonary Valve

Answer the following questions using CER (Claim, Evidence, Reasoning)

Compare and contrast Circulatory system and Systemic System...


  • They both run blood from the heart throughout the body


  • Circulatory: Goes from the heart to everywhere in your body, but our chest
  • Systemic: Only goes from your heart to your chest
Why are white blood cells considered the "Army" of the circulatory system...?

They are considered the army because they help fight infections. They are different from red blood cells because red blood cells help carry oxygen. White blood cells help fight infections and multiply when sick.

What are the types of blood someone can have? Of those what on is universal...?

AB : Universal recipient

O: Universal donor


A man has type A- blood and needs a blood transfusion. What type(s) of blood can he take?

He can take AB- , O- or A- because those are the universal reciprocans/donor.

Explain how you know what blood type is which...


Reaction with Anti-A serum

No reaction to Anti-B serum

2. B

No reaction with Anti-A serum

Reaction to Anti-B serum

3. AB

Reaction with Anti-A serum

Reaction to Anti-B serum

4. O

No reaction to Anti-A serum

No reaction to Anti-B serum