MODERN TEXAS LESSONS AT A GLANCE

By: Annelise Mraz

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The pictures:

1. The first picture is a gas mask that would protect people from mustard gas. Mustard gas is a gas that causes blistering to your skin. Mustard gas is another word for Sulfur Mustard gas. This killed many soldiers.


2. This is a picture of several soldiers in a trench waiting to attack their foes. Trenches were widely used for protection from the other side of soldiers.

Three key people in WW1

The countries involved and what side they were on:

The Allies included the United States, Britain, France, Russia, and Italy.

The countries that fought against the Central Powers were Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria.

The Timeline:

This a timeline of what led to WW1 from the 1914-1917.

Questions:

1. What caused the U.S. to enter WW1?

First, Germany attempted to get Mexico on their side and in return Germany would get Texas back to Mexico, and a German U-boat had caused a boat to sink that carried 123 Americans.

2. How did Texas play an important role during the war?

Texas National

A total of 198,000 Texans drafted into the army voluntarily. 450 women served as nurses, one nurse and 5,170 Texans died in the army; 4,738 of them died while serving in the army. The Aviation Section est. eight ground training schools throughout Texas.

3. How did WW1 end?


Germany had surrendered on Nov. 11, 1918 and Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles.

THE GREAT DEPRESSION:

Herbert Hoover's Involvment:

Herbert Hoover was the President during the Great Depression. Hoover was blamed for the Depression starting, after his presidency, he decided to go for another term. Hoover lost to President Roosevelt. Roosevelt was the main person who gave people hope during the Depression and he helped America come out of its Depression.
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Questions:

1. How Roosevelt pulled America out of the Depression?

Roosevelt created new government jobs which helped people get jobs.

2. What caused the Dust Bowl and how did it affect farmers in Texas?

The Dust Bowl was caused by severe drought. This made farm and home life hard for Texans due to no crops and piles of dust around a house.

3. Which New Deal program was important to Texans?

Just getting back to work and making life as it was before the Market crashed.

4. How were tenant farmers and miners affected by the Great Depression?

Tenant farmers experienced droughts and a crop shortage, especially if they lived in the Dust Bowl. Miners had to face constant danger, hard manual labor, no job security, and no safety whatsoever.

WW2

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Mushroom Cloud:

This cloud was the effect of a nuclear bomb dropping on a Japanese city, this was revenge for the bombing of Pearl Harbor. Some historians say if the U.S. hadn't dropped a bomb on Japan, the war might have gone on for the next 10 years.
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The American Flag:

This was a picture taken on D-Day when the Americans had to climb up a large hill of debris to lift up the American Flag. This picture was later made into a statue and is seen as a very big part of WW2.
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Adolf Hitler:

Adolf Hitler was the leader of the Third Reich. Hitler led the Germans and he blamed Jews for everything that happened to Germany. Hitler committed suicide when he realized that Germany would lose.
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Franklin D. Roosevelt:

Franklin Roosevelt was President of the U.S. when the war was going on. Roosevelt helped America get through the war and help win the war against Germany.

The countries involved in WW2:

There were two main groups of countries. One was the Axis Powers, these countries were: Germany, Italy, and Japan. The Allies included: Britain, France, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, India, Soviet Union, China, and the U.S.
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Questions:

1. How did Texas contribute to the nation's military effort in fighting in WW2?

Texan David Byrd helped form the Civil Air Patrol in 1941.

2. How did life change for Texans on the home front during WW2?

Texans by the Gulf of Mexico worried that there'd be an attack from air or sea. Galveston and other cities practiced air-raid drills, at night, cities did blackouts to guard against possible enemy air attacks

3. How did WW2 end?

The U.S. dropped a nuclear bomb in two cities in Japan.