MODERN TEXAS LESSONS AT A GLANCE
By: Annelise Mraz
2. This is a picture of several soldiers in a trench waiting to attack their foes. Trenches were widely used for protection from the other side of soldiers.
Three key people in WW1
President Woodrow Wilson:
President Woodrow Wilson was our 28th president during WW1. He helped control America during the War and he originally didn't want America to be a part of the war. Unfortunately, after harassment from foreign countries, America was forced to be involved in WW1.
John J. Pershing:
John Pershing was Commander in Chief of American forces in Europe.
Wilfred Owen was a poet. Owen vividly described the horrors of trench warfare and misplaced loyalties of patriotism. Owen still volunteered to return to the trenches and he was killed in action a week before the armistice Nov. 11, 1918.
President Woodrow Wilson:
The countries involved and what side they were on:
The countries that fought against the Central Powers were Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria.
First, Germany attempted to get Mexico on their side and in return Germany would get Texas back to Mexico, and a German U-boat had caused a boat to sink that carried 123 Americans.
2. How did Texas play an important role during the war?
A total of 198,000 Texans drafted into the army voluntarily. 450 women served as nurses, one nurse and 5,170 Texans died in the army; 4,738 of them died while serving in the army. The Aviation Section est. eight ground training schools throughout Texas.
3. How did WW1 end?
Germany had surrendered on Nov. 11, 1918 and Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles.
THE GREAT DEPRESSION:
When the Stock Market crashed, many Americans lost their jobs and many couldn't find any. This sign was just one of many that Americans made who were looking for a job.
A Hooverville was a town that was built by unemployed people and it would be placed over boundaries of states. The name "Hooverville" was named after Pres. Hoover who many blamed for the Great Depression.
Herbert Hoover's Involvment:
Roosevelt created new government jobs which helped people get jobs.
2. What caused the Dust Bowl and how did it affect farmers in Texas?
The Dust Bowl was caused by severe drought. This made farm and home life hard for Texans due to no crops and piles of dust around a house.
3. Which New Deal program was important to Texans?
Just getting back to work and making life as it was before the Market crashed.
4. How were tenant farmers and miners affected by the Great Depression?
Tenant farmers experienced droughts and a crop shortage, especially if they lived in the Dust Bowl. Miners had to face constant danger, hard manual labor, no job security, and no safety whatsoever.
The American Flag:
Franklin D. Roosevelt:
The countries involved in WW2:
Texan David Byrd helped form the Civil Air Patrol in 1941.
2. How did life change for Texans on the home front during WW2?
Texans by the Gulf of Mexico worried that there'd be an attack from air or sea. Galveston and other cities practiced air-raid drills, at night, cities did blackouts to guard against possible enemy air attacks
3. How did WW2 end?
The U.S. dropped a nuclear bomb in two cities in Japan.