Immigration to Texas


About the Country

A majority of the earliest migrants were males between the ages of fourteen and forty-four. The largest concentration was located in the Brazos valley. The initial Sicilian settlements expanded along the river, and then fanned into the surrounding communities. Most of the Italians living in Thurber and in Victoria County returned to Italy or moved to other places in America when their services were no longer needed in the coal mines or in railroad construction. The pillars supporting the Italian communities that remained in Texas were the immigrant church, the Italian-language press, and the benevolent-fraternal organizations. Each of these institutions had its origins in Europe.
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