Machu Picchu

Descover the Secret life of the Incas

What is Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is an Incan citadel set high in the Andes Mountains in Peru, above the Urubamba River valley. Built in the 15th century and later abandoned, it’s renowned for its sophisticated dry-stone walls that fuse huge blocks without the use of mortar, intriguing buildings that play on astronomical alignments, and panoramic views. Its exact former use remains a mystery.

Big image
Machu Picchu was built around 1450, at the height of the Inca Empire. The construction of Machu Picchu appears to date from the period of the two great Incas, Pachacutec Inca Yupanqui (1438–71) and Tupac Inca Yupanqui (1472–93). It was abandoned just over 100 years later, in 1572, as a belated result of the Spanish Conquest. It is possible that most of its inhabitants died from smallpox introduced by travelers before the Spanish conquistadors arrived in the area. The latter had notes of a place called Piccho, although there is no record of the Spanish having visited the remote city. The types of sacred rocks defaced by the conquistadors in other locations are untouched at Machu Picchu.

Unknown, and therefore, untouched by the conquistadors and those that followed, the site is renowned as a cultural mecca for historians, and is considered sacred ground. Today, the site draws millions of tourists each year who come to marvel at the natural beauty and intricate carvings of this remote landmark of an ancient civilization. Machu Picchu is filled with sights of historical and natural splendor and significance.

The following list gives you a taste of some of the sights you’ll see during your visit to this remarkable Peruvian landmark.