Shruthika P., Dhruv K., Harshida M., Phillip S.
Biography of Sam Adams
"It does not require a majority to prevail, but rather an irate, tireless minority keen to set brush fires in people's minds."
Samuel Adams was born on September 27, 1722 in Boston, Massachusetts and died on October 2, 1803. Samuel was from a religious, wealthy family made of a father, Samuel Adams Sr, a mother, Mary Fifield, an older sister, Mary, and a younger brother, Joseph. His mother passed her Puritan believes on to her children by stressing religious values daily. On the other hand, his father ran a brewery, was as deacon of the Old South Church in Boston, and held a political position in the colony’s governing body. Samuel Adams Sr became involved in politics through the Boston Caucus which is an organization that promoted candidates who supported popular causes and nominated them for offices. He was one of the founders of the Country Party and also later he became Boston representative to the Massachusetts House of Representatives. All of Samuel Adams Sr’s political participation exposed Samuel to politics and politicians.
Political affiliations/loyalties with explanation of views
Samuel Adams was one of America's Founding Fathers. However, he was different from the other fathers in the way that he was actually quite religious as compared to them. He also only agreed to their idea of religious equality to a certain extent. Due to his strong dislike of Catholics, he claimed they were an exception to the religious tolerance and often cited their history as being full of torture, war and corrupt rulers. Due to his rebellious nature, he was named "The Father of the Revolutionary War" and never missed a chance to speak against the British. This fearlessness of the british empire only exemplified his reputation as a rebel. Although Adam's parents were Puritans, he was a Congregationalist. Adams was part of the democratic-republican party and agreed with the early American politician's affinity to Enlightenment political philosophy.The protesting of the Imperial policy, the Stamp Act, Townshend Act and Tea taxes, all were being challenged by the Sons of Liberty whose coordinator was Samuel Adams. One of Samuel's political connections was James Otis, an influential lawyer and the Advocate General of the Admiralty Court. Lastly, Adams always claimed that his take on political and social freedom was most influenced by John Locke.
The Life of Sam Adams
Sam Adams Contribution to Colonial Development and Independence
Sam Adams was a leader of the opposition to the British government overreach. He was very outspoken about his disapproval of the British government and was a major contributor to spurring the revolution. Sam participated in and orginized many protest events to lead the revolution. Without his strong voice for the revolutions, the colonists may never have been driven to revolt.
Sam Adams, who was against the Tea Act was the one who came up with the idea of the Boston Tea Party as well as assisting in the planning and organization of the event.
After writing the Resolutions of the Town of Boston, an article encouraging Americans to rebel against the Tea Act and having no success in removing the British ship docked at the Boston Harbor, Sam Adams and other colonists dressed up as Native Americans and proceeded to dump 342 chests of tea into the water.
Adams was also involved in several Pre-Revolution acts and campaigns for freedom including the Sugar Act, the Stamp Act, and the Townshend and Coercive Acts. Adams played a major role in acquiring independence by imputing his talent of writing into newspapers and speeches to increase the participation and fighting against the British and their acts. Adding to those acts, Sam organized street revolts and protests causing the spark for independence. Paul Revere's famous journey on April 18th was to warn Adams and fellow freedom fighter John Hancock of their impending arrest and seizure of arms. That night marked the start of the Revolutionary War.
Citizenship: the quality of an individual's response to membership in a community
Coercive Acts or otherwise known as the Intolerable Acts were imposed by the British in 1774. They included the Boston Port Bill, Quartering Act, Administration of Justice Act and the Massachusetts Government Act with a new governor, General Thomas Gage to enforce the new acts. The Boston Port Bill closed the Boston port until the colonists paid for the expenses caused by the Boston Tea Party. The Quartering Act required all the colonies to provide living accommodations to soldiers stationed there. The Administration of Justice Act allowed the governor to decide the location of the trials of British officials accused of crimes when carrying out of their duties. And lastly, the Massachusetts Government Act was created to keep control of locally appointed officials, which also included the fact that all the authoritative positions had to be loyally nominated. Samuel Adams in turn promote the idea of independence by writing for the press his quality of citizenship. He fought and strove for the greatness of his land no matter what obstacle came in the way.
The Boston Tea Party occurred on December 16, 1773, and was an act of protesting where a group of Massachusetts Patriots fought against the monopoly on American tea importation by seizing 342 chests of tea during a midnight raid and throwing them into the harbor. Samuel Adams was a contributor to the event of the Boston Tea Party by trying to play his part in helping the community like a good citizen. Samuel published an influential article, Resolutions of the Town of Boston, on November 3, 1773 where he stated the opposition of the Tea tax and not pay or become “an enemy to America”.
The Townshed Acts were a series of acts passed to increase the trade duties which also included the headquarters of British Customs becoming established in Boston with extra powers to enforce them. This. In Samuel’s eyes, the British were overstepping their boundaries by imposing unfair taxes, he showed that he had integrity because he followed his morals by organizing political and street protests to fight for the colonialists’s rights.
The Townshed Acts were very similar to the Sugar and Stamp acts, but it taxed most people indirectly. Sam Adams showed integrity by continuing to follow his moral principles and protesting these taxes. He orginized protests and worked to support the opposition movement.