By: Courtney Lombardo and Ryone Thompson
Concordat of Bologna
War of Roses
Secret trials without a jury or witness confrontation, and often involved torture. Created by Henry VII to reduce the influence of nobles.
Ferdinand of Aragon
King of Spain from 1478 to 1516. Highly Catholic, and was one of the patrons of Christopher Columbus. He initiated the Reconquis.
Isabella of Castille
Queen of Spain from 1474 to 1504, highly Catholic and one of Christopher Columbus' patrons. Her marriage to Ferdinand of Aragon unified Spain.
2. In what century did European rulers who unified their respective nations creating stable and centralized government?