Architectural Styles in Housing

Sydney Blaas - 5th Period - 11/11/2014


An arch is a curved masonry construction for spanning an opening.


A bracket is a support, as of metal or wood, projecting from a wall or
the like to hold or bear the weight of a shelf, part of a cornice.


A buttress is any external prop or support built to steady a structure by
opposing its outward thrusts, especially a projecting support built
into or against the outside of a masonry wall.

Chair Rail

A chair rail is a molding on an interior wall for preventing the backs of
chairs from rubbing against plaster.


A chimney is a structure, usually vertical, containing a passage or flue
by which the smoke, gases.


A column is a decorative pillar, most often composed of stone and
typically having a cylindrical or polygonal shaft with a capital and
usually a base.

Column Capital

A column capital is a decretive top to a column.


A corbel is a short horizontal timber supporting a girder.


A cupola is a light structure on a dome or roof, serving as a belfry,
lantern, or belvedere.


A dormer is a vertical window in a projection built out from a sloping roof.


Eaves are the overhanging lower edge of a roof.


A façade is the front of a building, especially an imposing or decorative one.


A fanlight is a window over a door or another window, especially one
having the form of a semicircle or of half an ellipse.


A finial is a relatively small, ornamental, terminal feature at the top
of a gable, pinnacle, etc.

Floor Plan

A floor plan is a diagram of one room, apartment, or entire floor of a
building, usually drawn to scale.


A fluting is something having ornamental grooves, as a Greek column.


A frieze is any decorative band on an outside wall, broader than a
stringcourse and bearing lettering, sculpture, etc.


A lintel is a horizontal architectural member supporting the weight above
an opening, as a window or a door.


Masonry is cement blocks, clay blocks, brick blocks, that form the exterior of a building


A molding is a strip of wood, stone, uniform cross sections for the full
length and a strikingly modeled profile that casts strong shadows:
used on frames, tables, etc., and certain architectural members, as
cornices, stringcourses, or bases.


A mullion is a vertical member, as of stone or wood, between the lights
of a window, the panels in wainscoting, or the like.


A parapet is an elevation raised above the main wall or rampart of a
permanent fortification.


A pediment is typically triangular with a horizontal cornice and raking
cornices, surmounting a colonnade, an end wall, or a major division of
a façade.


A pendant an ornament suspended from a roof, vault, or ceiling.


A pilaster is a shallow rectangular feature projecting from a wall,
having a capital and base and usually imitating the form of a column.


A pillar is an upright shaft or structure, of stone, brick, or other
material, any upright, supporting part; post.


A porch is an exterior appendage to a building, forming a covered
approach or vestibule to a doorway.


A portico is a structure consisting of a roof supported by columns or
piers, usually attached to a building as a porch.


A quoin is a wedge-shaped piece of wood, stone, or other material, used
for any of various purposes.


A rafter is a series of timbers, usually having apronounced slope, for

supporting the sheathing and covering of a roof.


A roof is the external upper covering of a house or other building.


A sill is a shelf at the bottom of a window inside a room.


A stoop is a small raised platform, approached by steps and sometimes
having a roof and seats, at the entrance of a house; a small porch.


Stucco is an exterior finish for masonry or frame walls, usually
composed of cement, sand, and hydrated lime mixed with water and laid
on wet.


A tower is a building or structure high in proportion to its lateral
dimensions, either isolated or forming part of a building.

Transom Light

Transom light is a crosspiece separating a door or the like from a
window or fanlight above it.


Wainscot is wood, especially oak and usually in the form of paneling,
for lining interior walls.