Physical and Health Disabilities
Definition of Physical Disabilities
Defintion of Health Disability
Types of Physical Disabilities
Spinal Cord Injury
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
Brittle Bone Disease
Characteristics of Physical Disabilities
Low/altered muscle tone
Loss/inability to use one or more limbs
Difficulty with gross-motor skills (Ex: walking, running)
Difficulty with fine-motor skills (Ex: writing, buttoning a shirt)
Types of Health Disabilities
Congenital Heart Defects
Characteristics of Health Disabilities
Physical and Health Disabilities are considered low incidence disabilities
Physical Disabilities: 0.09% require special services
Health Disabilities: 1.38% require special services
ADHD is included in this category! ADHD is responsible for the dramatic yearly increase in the size of the health disabilities category.
For difficulty with gross motor skills such as walking teachers can:
-move objects out of the way of the student
-provide a motorized wheelchair
-adjust tables, desks, and other furniture
Push furniture out of the way and secure any loose objects (ex: rugs)
Install ramps or elevators. This makes it easier for motorized wheelchairs to move around the house.
Create a schedule of when medication should be taken. This way, important medications will never be missed.
Have a PT, OT, or Speech Pathologist come to the home. This will help the child with motor skills or language skills.
Schedule time to do homework/chores when the child is less fatigued
Additional Resources for Parents and Teachers
This app turns your device into a magnifying glass. Read tiny print and look at small objects.
iHear Dialer allows you to dial phone numbers without looking at the keypad. As you move your hand around on the keypad, the dialer will tell you what number your finger is on and when you want that number, just release your finger.
Books & Resources. (n.d.). Retrieved May 7, 2015, from http://www.nsta.org/disabilities/
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Services for Parents with Disabilities. (2014). Retrieved May 4, 2015, from http://www.lookingglass.org/services/local-services/services-for-parents-with-disabilities
The DRM WebWatcher: Just for Parents (and Service Providers). (2014). Retrieved May 3, 2015, from http://www.disabilityresources.org/PARENTS-OF.html
Bennett, K. S., & Hay, D. A. (2007). The Role of Family in the Development of Social Skills in Children with Physical Disabilities. International Journal Of Disability, Development And Education, 54(4), 381-397.
Comprehensive overview of other health impairments. (2007). Retrieved from National Association of Special Education Teachers: https://www.naset.org/2278.0.html
Heller, K. W., & Swinehart-Jones, D. (2003). Supporting the Educational Needs of Students with Orthopedic Impairments. Physical Disabilities: Education And Related Services, 22(1), 3-24.
Kendall, R. M. (1991). Unique Educational Needs of Learners with Physical and Other Health Impairments.
Milota, C., PACER Center, I. M., & And, O. (1991). Count Me In: Resource Manual on Disabilities.
Physical disability. (2015, April 10). Retrieved from Department of Education and Early Childhood Development: http://www.ed.gov.nl.ca/edu/k12/studentsupportservices/physical.html
Other health impairments. (2014, May). Retrieved from Center for Parent Information and Resources: http://www.parentcenterhub.org/repository/ohi/
Smith, D. D., & Tyler, N. C. (2014). Introduction to contemporary special education new horizons. Pearson Education.
Venn, J., & ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, R. V. (1989). Students with Physical Disabilities and Health Impairments. Revised. ERIC Digest #459.