Tunisia

By: Angeline Ajit

Location


  • Tunisia is the smallest country in North Africa, and is bordered by Algeria to the west, Libya in the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia is dominated by the Atlas Mountains in the north and the Sahara Desert in the south.
  • Tunis: (capital city) 36 48 N, 10 11 E
  • Tunisia is located in northern Africa, and lies within the northern and eastern hemispheres.

How does Tunisia's location impact the life of Tunisian's?

There is a lot of variety in the country, from cork oak forests in the north to open desert in the south. Traditional Tunisian food reflects local agriculture. It stresses wheat, in the form of bread or couscous, olives and olive oil, meat (above all, mutton), fruit, and vegetables. Because of the humid weather many people in the cities wear Western-style clothes. Many people in the rural areas continue to wear traditional Arab clothing—a turban or skullcap, and a long, loose gown, or a long coatlike garment with long sleeves.

Place

Tunisia's Government

The politics of Tunisia function within a framework of a democratic constitutional republic, with a president serving as head of state, Prime Minister as head of government.

Chief of State: President Moncef Marzouki

Head of Government: Prime Minister Ali Laarayedh

Government Name: Republic of Tunisia

Government control of economy: 57.3%

In Tunisia the government is mainly fair and similar to the US government. People are able to do what they want and express themselves as long as they meets the rules and because of this there is a lot of variety in the country. Tunisia has had a temporary government since 2011.

Tunisia's Economy

As I have stated earlier, Tunisia possesses petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt and a lot of arable land. Tunisia has a market economy. Tunisia’s most significant exports are textiles and leather products, electrical machinery, and crude and refined petroleum. Its major imports are consumer products, raw materials, machinery and electrical equipment, and food products. Tunisia relies heavily on its trade with Europe. Also, because of their location many people near the coast are able to travel by water. However, the country has suffered from revolution in 2011, and there are still signs of wreckage. Also,the country is facing challenges on bringing budget expenses under control and repaying loans from other countries.

Man Made Land Marks

Human-Environment Interaction

How Tunisia's Environment is Modified and its Effects

Tunisia's environment is mainly modified to make buildings. houses, and transportation areas(roads, railways, and more)Most of Tunisia's cities are divided into old and new sections. Narrow streets and covered markets characterize the old sections. Lined avenues and European-style buildings are typical of the new sections. In the long dry summers, some rivers are dammed so people can have more water.

Jobs that have Been Generated in this Environment

Tunisia possesses petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt and a lot of arable land. Because of the environment there are many jobs in Tunisia including fishing jobs, mining jobs, and many jobs in the farming industry.

Movement

Tunisia's Communication

Tunisia's telecommunications network is among the most modern in the Mediterranean basin, with high speed multifunction switches ensuring at the same time voice, internet and multimedia traffic. Internet network covers 100% of the country, and international internet band width reaching 17.5 GB/s.This performance is confirmed by the latest edition of the Global Information Technology report 2008-2009. Tunisians also have access to Egyptian, pan-Arab, and European satellite TV channels.

Internet users: 3.5 million (2009)

How goods, people, and natural resources are transported....

Tunisia has a number of international airports,road vehicles, and water transportation for people. Near the desert areas some people ride camels. Goods and natural resources are transported through trains, ships and aviation. Tunisia's transportation is very similar to US transportation.

How Does the Location of Tunisia Impact its Movement ?

Tunisia is near the Mediterranean sea which is good for trade with European countries. Also, Tunisia is near Arab states so there is a lot of influence for Islam to be the country's main religion. Since Tunisia is near the sea, people can travel by water, and those who live near deserts can travel by camel.

Region

Land forms, biomes, and large cities...

The Atlas Mountains extend northeast from the Algerian border to the Mediterranean Sea. To the north and east of those mountains is generally characterized by low, rolling hills and flat coastal areas.
The Sahara is the largest desert in the world, and a small part of it covers Tunisia. The Grand Erg Oriental is a large erg or "field of sand dunes" in central Tunisia. Lake of Tunis is a natural, shallow lagoon located between Tunis and the Gulf of Tunis (Mediterranean Sea). The main cities in Tunisia are Tunis(capital), Sfax, Sousse, Midoun, Kairouan, Bizerte, Gabes, Ariana, Kasserine, and Gafsa.

Tunisia's Culture...

Ethnic Make-up: Arab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%

Religions: Muslim 98%, Christian 1%, Jewish and other 1%

Arabic is the official language, although some other common languages include Italian, German, English, or French. Other aspects of culture are stated later in the section "How Do Tunisian's Express Themselves".

Main Customs/Rules

  • Tunisia does not allow photographs to be taken of military and government buildings.
  • Like most countries in the world, drugs are illegal.
  • When people of different genders greet, the woman must extend her hand first. If she doesn't, the men should bow their heads.
  • Eat with your hands using only your right hand, and try all the food.
  • Do not open a gift when you receive it
  • Greet and say good-bye to each person individually


For more information on Tunisia's culture go to this video link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jUKVeD9YU0k

How do Tunisian's express themselves? (Research Question)

Cafes are popular hangouts for men in the evenings, where they smoke chichas (water pipes) and play cards. Tunisians flock to the beaches on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Tunisians also express themselves with folk dance and traditional dance. Malouf, a uniquely Tunisian type of music, is played on lutes, guitars, violins, and drums. Players sing along with the highly rhythmic music. Tunisians hold festivals throughout the year. There are many camel races and parades. Tunisian artisans make goods out of wood, copper, textiles, leather, wrought iron, glass, and ceramics. Knotted carpets follow traditional decorative designs. Clothes are brightly colored and have geometric designs. Jewelry is also handmade in Tunisia. The most watched sports in Tunisia are football, handball, basketball, volleyball, tennis, and rugby.

Sources


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